Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) plays key role in vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated the role of CaSR in regulating smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and apoptosis. Incubation with 300μM neomycin (CaSR agonist) resulted in 7.5-fold (p<0.05) increase in ERK1,2 phosphorylation. It was reduced (p<0.01) by 10μM PD98059 (MEK1 inhibitor), indicating that CaSR agonist-induced effects were mediated via MEK1/ERK1,2 pathway. ERK1,2 phosphorylation was abolished by 5μM U73122 (PLC inhibitor), indicating that PLC signalling was crucial for MEK1/ERK1,2 activation. Confirming PLC activation, inositol triphosphate (IP3) production was increased by neomycin/gentamycin (p<0.05) and reduced by U73122. To confirm that ERK1,2 and PLC signalling were mediated via CaSR, Human Aortic SMC (HAoSMC) were transfected with CaSR siRNA. CaSR knockdown resulted in lower ERK1,2 neomycin response and IP3 production (p<0.01). Neomycin increased HAoSMC proliferation >3-fold, which was reduced in CaSR knockdown cells (p<0.01) and further inhibited by PD98059 and U73122 (p<0.05). Apoptosis was not affected by neomycin treatment. U73122 produced 3.5-fold increase in HAoSMC apoptosis, which was further increased by CaSR knockdown (5-fold, p<0.05). In conclusion, stimulation of CaSR leads to activation of MEK1/ERK1,2 and PLC pathways and up-regulation of cell proliferation. CaSR-mediated PLC activation is important for SMC survival and protection against apoptosis.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.