Purpose: To present the safety and efficacy of intravitreal aflibercept (Eylea) in a patient with radiation maculopathy secondary to external beam radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer unresponsive to other therapeutic options. Methods: A 73-year-old female presented with decreased visual acuity in both eyes 18 months after completing 47 external beam cycles of radiation for nasopharyngeal cancer. On presentation, her best corrected visual acuity was 6/60 in the right eye and counting fingers from 1 meter in the left eye. She received 5 bevacizumab injections in the right eye and 7 bevacizumab injections in the left eye over the last year without any improvement. A treatment with intravitreal injections of aflibercept was recommended in both eyes. Results: The patient received 3 intravitreal aflibercept injections (2 mg/0.05 mL) in each eye every 4 weeks. The visual acuity improved from 6/60 to 6/12 in the right eye and from counting fingers to 6/36 in the left eye. Biomicroscopy showed less exudates, hemorrhages, and microaneurysms. Optical coherence tomography revealed reduced central retinal thickness in both eyes after 1–3 intravitreal aflibercept injections. Conclusion: Intravitreal aflibercept should be regarded a safe and effective treatment in patients with recalcitrant macular edema due to radiation maculopathy.

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