We evaluated a series of novel cephem antibiotics, N-alkylpyridinium (alkyl group), N-carboxyethylpyridinium (carboxylic group), N-sulfoethylpyridinium (sulfonic group) and N-alkylquaternary ammonium salts (ammonioethyl group), N-alkyl-aromatic-quaternary ammonium salts and N-alkyl-heterocyclic quaternary ammonium salts (cyclic group) as vinylthio pyridinium derivatives at the C-3 position and hydroxyiminoaminothiazol at the C-7 position, for their activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and their solubility, by measuring the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and the dissolving test in phosphate buffer. All tested compounds, except for the alkyl group, showed good solubility (>10%) in 1/15 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.2). The concentrations required to inhibit 80% of the bacterial strains (MIC80s) of the alkyl group, carboxylic group, sulfonic group, ammonioethyl group and cyclic group against MRSA were 1.56, 12.5–25, 6.25, 1.56 and 1.56 µg/ml, respectively. These results indicated that the ammonioethyl and cyclic groups yield the maximum anti-MRSA and anti-Enterococcusfaecalis activity, and also good water solubility.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.