Aminoglycosides, widely used because of their large-spectrum antibiotic effects, should not interfere with the healing process of an ulcer or an infected wound. We evaluated the effects of amikacin or the excipients present in the topic formulation BG 90, powder 2.5% (Boniscontro e Gazzone S.r.l., Rome, Italy), on human monocyte chemotaxis and the release of profibrotic factors by resting or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated monocytes. The chemotactic response of monocytes to zymosan-activated serum is not modified in vitro by pre-incubation of the cells with amikacin (2 and 10 µg/ml/106 cells) or excipients. Unstimulated monocytes did not secrete appreciable amounts of cytokines. Vice versa, amikacin-stimulated cells released platelet-derived growth factor AB (PDGF-AB) (about 340 pg/ml), transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 (about 10 pg/ml), and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α (over 1,100 pg/ml); among excipients, ZnO and vitamin E induced PDGF-AB release (about 320 and, respectively, 200 pg/ml), while stimulation of monocyte monolayers by the other excipients did not lead to appreciable cytokine release. As expected, LPS-activated human monocytes produced PDGF-AB, TGF-β1, and TNF-α. When monocytes were co-stimulated with LPS and amikacin, the PDGF-AB and TGF-β1 values almost overlapped with those from the stimulation of cells with LPS alone, while TNF-α production was slowly reduced. The results show a stimulating effect of aminoglycoside on the production of profibrotic factors and, therefore, on the healing process of wounds in addition to a modulating effect on the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines like TNF-α. Moreover, ZnO and tocopherol (free-radical scavengers), used as excipients in the topic formulation, induce the release of growth factors with profibrotic activity (PDGF-AB). Further research is warranted to explore the effects of this formulation in vivo, verifying whether the association of the antibiotic with scavengers has a double advantage in topical amikacin: on the one hand, it could limit the damage from free radicals, and on the other it could favour tissue healing.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.