Serum levels and serum bactericidal activities of six antipseudomonal agents were studied comparatively in 60 patients. Single intravenous doses of gentamicin (1.5 mg/kg), piperacillin (4 g), ceftazidime (1 g), imipenem (0.5 g), aztreonam (1 g), and ciprofloxacin (200 mg) were given over 30 min to 10 patients each, and serum samples were obtained 30 min, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 12 h after beginning the infusion. Serum bactericidal activity was determined by the broth microdilution method against 10 recent isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Mean peak serum levels were as follows: gentamicin 10.4 µg/ml, piperacillin 227.5 µg/ml, ceftazidime 43.5 µg/ml, imipenem 17.3 µg/ml, aztreonam 42.3 µg/ml, and ciprofloxacin 3.9 µg/ml. All agents demonstrated effective serum bactericidal activity (geometric mean titer > 1:2) at peak serum levels. Ceftazidime was by far the most potent compound with a mean titer of 1:46.5, followed by ciprofloxacin (1:17), imipenem (1:13.7), and aztreonam (1:13.4). Ceftazidime also showed the longest duration of activity with a mean titer of 1:5.1 at 4 h. Based on our results, ceftazidime appeared to be the most potent antipseudomonal agent, while gentamicin and piperacillin were the least effective.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.