The anticarcinogenic potential of Commiphora molmol (oleo-resin) was studied in Ehrlich-solid-tumor-bearing mice. The antitumor activity of C. molmol was evaluated from the total count and viability of Ehrlich solid tumor cells and their nucleic acid, protein, malondialdehyde and glutathione levels at the end of 25 and 50 days of treatment. Furthermore, observations of animal survival rate and measurements of the tumor and body weight were made. The Ehrlich solid tumors were also evaluated for histopathological changes. Treatment with C molmol (250 and 500 mg/kg/day) was found to be cytotoxic in Ehrlich solid tumor cells. The antitumor potential of C. molmol was comparable to the standard cytotoxic drug cyclophosphamide. This effect of C molmol was less pronounced after 50 days of treatment. The present study confirmed the cytotoxic and anticarcinogenic potential of C. molmol. Further studies are warranted to explore its mode of action and safety for medicinal use in cancer therapy.

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