In the present study, we present a novel reciprocal translocation t(2;20)(p24.1;q13.1) and its segregation in a three generation family. The rate of miscarriages (50%) in pregnancies from male translocation carriers could be explained by unbalanced translocation-bearing spermatozoa found with a frequency of approximately 55% in the entire sperm population of a t(2;20)(p24.1;q13.1) carrier. These imbalanced spermatozoa mainly present as 2, der(20) and der(2), 20 missegregated (approximately 46%) while adjacent 2 and 3:1 segregation patterns account for approximately 5% and 4% of imbalances, respectively. While the translocation is associated clearly with an increased risk of early abortions (7/12) in both male and female carriers, no malformed livebirths were observed. Our results suggest complete embryonic lethality of imbalanced offspring. With respect to a high rate of segregation to 2, der(20) and to der(2), 20 imbalanced spermatozoa in male translocation carriers and with respect to known cases of partial trisomy 2p and 20q we consider that their corresponding monosomies result in fetal loss. This is the first study reporting multiple abortions associated with partial monosomy 20q13.1→qter and 2pter→p24.1 and the first report on the frequency of chromosomal imbalances in gametes of a male t(2;20)(p24.1;q13.1) heterozygote.   

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