Karyotypes of 3 male Talpa specimens from northern Spain were analyzed. The mesostyles of upper molars and cytochrome b sequence analysis identified these specimens as belonging to Talpa aquitania, a new Talpa species recently described from northern Spain and southern France. We describe here for the first time the karyotype of Talpa aquitania. Its diploid number is 2n = 34 and NFa = 64, and all chromosomes including the sex chromosomes are biarmed, either metacentric or submetacentric. G-banding demonstrated that the karyotypes of T. aquitania and T. occidentalis (the most closely related species) are almost identical. However, the karyotype of T. aquitania differs from the karyotypes of both T. europaea and T. occidentalis in that it has a medium-sized biarmed Y chromosome rather than a dot-like chromosome and that chromosome 16 is submetacentric in T. aquitania but has a small p-arm in both T. europaea and T. occidentalis. Pericentromeric C-bands were scarce and only clearly visible in a few chromosomal pairs. In addition, C-banding demonstrated that half of the 14p, the 16p, and the Y chromosome are all heterochromatic. rDNA genes were located at the secondary constriction in autosomal pair 3, a common feature in the karyotypes of all Talpa species. Hybridization signals for telomeric repeats were found on the telomeres and the pericentric regions of some chromosomes and co-localized in the secondary constriction of pair 3 with the rDNA genes. In conclusion, the karyotype of T. aquitania from northern Spain is very similar to the karyotype of other species belonging to the genus Talpa.

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