Classical cytogenetics and mapping of 18S-28S rDNA and (TTAGGG)n sequences by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed on Graphiurus platyops (GPL) and Graphiurus ocularis (GOC) metaphases with the aim to characterize the genomes. In both species, inverted DAPI karyotypes showed the same diploid number, 2n = 46, and hybridization of the (TTAGGG)n probe revealed interstitial telomeric sequences (ITSs) at the centromeres of almost all bi-armed chromosomes. FISH with the rDNA probe localized nucleolus organizer regions (NORs), at the terminal ends of the p arms of the subtelocentric pairs 16 and 17 in both species and detected additional signals on GPL8 and GOC18, 19, and 22. The species have similar karyotypes, but their chromosome pairs 18-22 differ in morphology; these are acrocentric in G. platyops, as also confirmed by C-banding, and subtelocentric in G. ocularis. These differences in pairs 18-22 were also highlighted by hybridization of the telomeric probe (TTAGGG)n, which showed the small p arms in G. ocularis enriched with ITSs. FISH of rDNA probes detected multiple NOR loci in G. ocularis, underlining the intense evolutionary dynamics related to these genes. Although the Graphiurus species analyzed have similar karyotypes, the results on the repetitive sequences indicate a complex pattern of genomic reorganization and evolution occurring in these phylogenetically close species.