Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by deletion of the maternally inherited 15q11q13 region, paternal uniparental disomy 15 [upd(15)pat], an imprinting defect of the maternal chromosome region 15q11q13, or a pathogenic mutation of the maternal UBE3A allele. Predisposing factors for upd(15)pat, such as nonhomologous robertsonian translocation involving chromosome 15, have been discussed, but no evidence for this predisposition has been published. In the present study, chromosomal analysis was performed in a child with AS, both parents, and the maternal grandparents. Methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) was employed on DNA of the index individual, and microsatellite analysis was carried out on DNA of the index individual and his parents. The cytogenetic analysis showed that the mother and maternal grandfather are carriers of a rob(14;15). The index individual has a numerically normal karyotype, but MS-MLPA and microsatellite analyses confirmed the clinical diagnosis of AS and revealed a pattern highly suggestive of isodisomic upd(15)pat. This is the first report of an AS-affected individual with isodisomic upd(15)pat and a numerically normal karyotype that most likely results from a rob(14;15)-associated meiotic error in the maternal germline followed by monosomy 15 rescue in the early embryo.

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