Previous studies (Beechey, 2000) have shown that mouse proximal chromosome (Chr) 6 has two imprinting regions. An early embryonic lethality is associated with two maternal copies of the more proximal imprinting region, while mice with two maternal copies of the sub-proximal imprinting region are growth retarded at birth, the weight reduction remaining similar to adulthood. No detectable postnatal imprinting phenotype was seen in these earlier studies with two paternal copies of either region. The sub-proximal imprinting region locates distal to the T77H reciprocal translocation breakpoint in G-band 6A3.2 and results reported here show that it does not extend beyond the breakpoint of the more distal T6Ad translocation in 6C2. It has been confirmed that the postnatal growth retardation observed with two maternal copies of the sub-proximal region is established in utero, although placental size was normal. A new finding is that 16.5–18.5-dpc embryos, with two paternal copies of the sub-proximal imprinting region, were larger than their normal sibs, although placental size was normal. As no postnatal growth differences have been observed in these mice, the fetal overgrowth must normalize by birth. The imprinted genes Peg1/Mest, Copg2, Copg2as and Mit1/Lb9 map to the sub-proximal imprinting region and are thus candidates for the observed imprinting phenotypes. Another candidate is the recently reported imprinted gene Nap1l5. Expression studies of Nap1l5 in mice with two maternal or two paternal copies of different regions of Chr 6 have demonstrated that the gene locates within the sub-proximal imprinting region. FISH has mapped Nap1l5 to G-band 6C1, within the sub-proximal imprinting region but several G-bands distal to the Peg1/Mest cluster. This location, and the 30-Mb separation of these loci on the sequence map, makes it probable that Nap1l5 defines a new imprinting domain within the currently defined sub-proximal imprinting region.   

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