Die Diagnostik der Milzerkrankungen wird durch den Einsatz von Sonographie, CT und Angiographie erheblich erweitert. Die Anwendung von oral und intravenös verabreichten Kontrastmitteln erhöht die Sensitivität der CT-Untersuchung. Als maligne Milztumoren werden Fibrosarkome, Angiosarkome und Lymphome beschrieben. Bei den Milzzysten werden primäre und sekundäre Zysten unterschieden. Beim stumpfen Bauchtrauma wird in 25-60% der Fälle eine Beteiligung der Milz beschrieben. Als Gefäβveränderungen treten das Milzarterienaneurysma und der Milzarterienverschluβ, der häufig einen Milzinfarkt zur Folge hat, auf.

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