10 premature infants were found to have posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) over a 4-year period. All weighed less than 2,500 g. The diagnosis was established by ventricular puncture and ventriculogram. Ventriculo-peritoneal (V-P) shunt placement was done in each infant soon after establishing the diagnosis, while the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was bloody. The mean age of infants at surgery was 21.4 days (range 16–33 days). Shunt obstruction occurred in 3 infants and infection in 1. No other complication was observed. All infants improved markedly in the immediate postoperative period, especially respirator-dependent infants. All survived; preliminary follow-up revealed that 3 were severely retarded and 2 mildly retarded; 5 infants were normal. Our preliminary experience with early V-P shunt procedure in the treatment of PHH has been favorable and follow-up appears encouraging.

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