Introduction: In Nigeria, mastectomy is the most common surgical treatment for breast cancer. Patients are often kept on admission for days until wound drains are removed. An early discharge programme was piloted in a Nigerian hospital in 2017 with very satisfactory outcomes. The impact of this evidence on clinical practice and surgical outcomes was evaluated over 5 years. Methods: From a prospectively maintained institutional database, the details of patients who underwent mastectomy between 2018 and 2022 were obtained. The duration of post-operative stay was obtained and analysed per year to determine the trend. Post-operative surgical complications such as seroma, haematoma, flap necrosis, and surgical site infection were analysed. Results: Overall, 147 patients (69%) had early discharge during the review period. Twenty-two patients (10.3%) were discharged within 24 h of surgery, 61 patients (28.6%) were discharged within 24–48 h, and 64 patients (30%) were discharged between 48 and 72 h. There was a steady increase in the adoption of the early discharge protocol over time with a 50% adoption rate in 2018 and 95% in 2022. The mean duration of hospital stay declined steadily from 3.9 days in 2018 to 2.2 days in 2022. Early discharge did not result in any compromise to post-operative outcomes. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the sustainability of early post-mastectomy discharge in a resource-limited setting with very satisfactory outcomes. It also provides a unique example of how locally generated evidence can guide local practice. We consider these findings generalisable in other Nigerian hospitals and low- and middle-income countries with similar contexts.

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