In recent decades, Latin America (LA) has experienced profound demographic and epidemiologic changes conditioning an enormous increase in prevalence and incidence of chronic non-communicable diseases. End-stage renal disease has steadily increased in prevalence and incidence (478.2 and 168.7 pmp, respectively) and is emerging as a devastating medical, social, and economic problem for patients, families, and national health systems. The development of successful renal replacement treatment modalities has emphasized the wide breach in healthcare between developed and emerging nations. LA is composed of many nations that have a common social and cultural background yet exhibit significant variations in socioeconomic status, ethnicities, and human development. In addition, the region is experiencing a type 2 diabetes mellitus epidemic and a constant growth of related end-stage renal disease which at present is not sustainable and will be unaffordable in most countries, unless changes in public health policy and a new focus on the problem is generated. Renal transplantation, though increasing, cannot revert the growing prevalence. The development of public health policies and prevention programs is mandatory in LA and requires a better knowledge of prevalence and distribution of risk factors in the different nations of the region.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.