Background: Fibrinogen is mainly responsible for determining the viscosity of whole blood. In peripheral arterial disease (PAD) the fibrinogen concentration seems to affect the microcirculation flow. Aim: To study the effects of an abrupt reduction of fibrinogen on the hemodynamics of the lower extremities and the clinical picture of patients with PAD. Methods: Ten patients affected by various stages of PAD underwent 1 session of fibrinogen apheresis (TheraSorb, Miltenyi Biotec, Germany). Laboratory parameters of endothelial activation were assessed before and after the session, as well as walking distance (WD), the ankle-brachial index and laser Doppler flowmetry. Results: A significant reduction in the laboratory parameters was observed: fibrinogen (50%), total cholesterol (18%), LDL cholesterol (24%), sE-selectin (23%), sICAM-1 (19%) and sVCAM-1 (10%). The procoagulant factors, factor VIII and von Willebrand factor, did not vary significantly. Both pain-free and total WD were significantly improved (p < 0.003 and p <0.006, respectively), the ankle-brachial index remained unchanged, and laser Doppler flowmetry showed a modest but not significant increase. Conclusions: Fibrinogen apheresis allowed us to study the effects of an acute modification of fibrinogen in PAD, on both some aspects of the endothelial function and on the hemodynamics, demonstrating an improvement of WD and a minimal increase in the skin microcirculation.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.