Desmopressin (DDAVP) 0.3 µg/kg was infused in 20 uremic patients with prolonged bleeding time. Prior to infusion, the uremic patients had a reduced level of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), normal levels of von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF:Ag) and ristocetin cofactor activity (vWF:RCo) and elevated level of factor VIII coagulant activity (FVIII:C). Patients with lower hematocrit or t-PA levels tended to have a longer bleeding time. One hour after DDAVP infusion, the bleeding time was shortened significantly. This improvement was significant in all patient groups irrespective of the high or low initial levels of factor VIII complex components. Plasma levels of FVIII:C, vWF:Ag, vWF:RCo and t-PA all increased significantly. The magnitude of increase in these factors, however, was not significantly correlated with the extent of bleeding time shortening. The multiple regression model for predicting the extent of bleeding time shortening suggested only two variables, viz initial bleeding time and posttreatment FVIII:C activity to be of significance. The present results indicate that the hemostatic response to DDAVP is uniform in uremic patients, regardless of whether the initial activities of factor VIII complex components are high or low. Posttreatment FVIII:C activity appears to play a significant role in the hemostatic action of DDAVP. Furthermore, a depressed fibrinolytic activity was generally observed to concur with the hemostatic defect in uremic patients.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.