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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507490
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
... consumers’ intake of these products and a potential to stimulate the consumption of other food products through substitution effects. However, except for the taxation of “sweets,” it is not generally evident whether such substitution effects will be beneficial or harmful from a nutritional point of view...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 22
Published: 22 May 2007
10.1159/000102882
EISBN: 978-3-318-01450-1
... in this discussion include Arthur Rimbaud, Charles Baudelaire, VasilyKandinsky, Vladimir Nabokov, Alexander Scriabin, Olivier Messiaen and David Hockney.Interdisciplinary debates have concerned whether synaesthesia can actively contribute to anartist’s ability, whether it is a driving force or a mere idiosyncratic...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 37
Published: 17 November 2008
10.1159/000176052
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8623-8
... with an increase in fat-free mass, grip strength, and fractional muscle protein synthesis, but we do not know whether testosterone replacement improves quadriceps strength, power, muscle fatigability, and physical function in older men, and whether it can reduce the risk of disability and falls. Testosterone...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 55
Published: 29 November 2021
10.1159/000517647
EISBN: 978-3-318-06608-1
... Abstract The Precautionary Principle is a decision-making device designed to help us when we deal with uncertain risks. Despite a number of case-control and prospective studies over several years, there remains some uncertainty as to whether sunscreens are unequivocally effective in reducing...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369196
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... been 0.000006 mg. Whether it is reasonable to ban a tattoo ink containing 12.2 mg/kg of nickel is questionable. The basis for the ban of inks are limits contained in two resolutions published by the Council of Europe (CoE), ResAP(2003)2 [ 2 ] and ResAP(2008)1 [ 3 ]. The limit defined for nickel...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Human Genetics
Volume: 15
Published: 15 May 2007
10.1159/000102554
EISBN: 978-3-318-01461-7
... thephenomenon of revertant mosaicism has been well documented in FA, there still are manyquestions: we do not know whether the progeny of a single reverted blood stem or progenitorcell would be able to sustain lifelong hematopoiesis, whether revertant mosaicism providesprotection against hematopoietic...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 21
Published: 15 September 2008
10.1159/000156973
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8371-8
... Abstract Advances in central nervous system imaging have resultedin early detection of a greater number of intracanalicularvestibular schwannomas. Early detection of intracanalicularvestibular schwannomas raises the issue of whether ornot treatment is required and, if so, whether radiosurgery...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 44
Published: 03 November 2006
10.1159/000096733
EISBN: 978-3-318-01395-5
... of studiessupport a positive association between PP and inflammatory markers. However, itremains unclear whether the association is truly causal and whether it has relevance interms of predicting cardiovascular diseases. ...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/000493249
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
... have found decreased nerve conduction velocity. Whether these are manifestations of the decreased brain osmolyte levels, including important excitatory motor neurotransmitters such as glutamate, or other neurophysiological changes, remains to be ascertained. As well, whether the gait instability...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000504996
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... to be sound. That said, much of the science pertaining to these bioactive components in human milk may be suboptimal since it is based on associative rather than mechanistic data. Said slightly differently, many potentially active components are found in human milk. Whether they actually have some important...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 60
Published: 24 April 2017
10.1159/000459707
EISBN: 978-3-318-06042-3
... Abstract Two critical questions one must answer as one applies the results of a clinical trial to clinical practice are: (1) Regardless of whether the trial result is likely to be replicated or reproduced in a second large-scale trial, are the results likely to be reproduced in one's practice...
Book Chapter
Published: 13 March 2009
10.1159/000210284
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9100-3
... importance. Although data on comparative procedural risks outside randomized trials are difficult to interpret, the techniques involved in both carotid endarterectomy and stenting are evolving and continued audit of performance is essential. Ongoing randomized trials will determine whether...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000522599
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... of micropigmentation may expand: whether it is fundamentally an aesthetical or medical issue, whether it is the execution of an artistic or technical process, whether its object is a body in its physical aspect and/or if their results are fundamentally psychic or, finally, whether it implies all the previously...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 94
Published: 10 September 2008
10.1159/000155088
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8629-0
... drives the investigation of antigen-based tolerance in rodent models and in patients. The identification of the key role T-regulatory cells (Tregs) play in avoidance of immunopathology focused on either self or environmental antigens has led to a need to determine whether established and novel tolerance...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 52
Published: 05 June 2008
10.1159/000134285
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8490-6
... Abstract Previous studies have suggested that Taiji (T’ai Chi) practice may improve immunefunction. The current study examined whether 5 months of moderate traditional Taiji andQigong (TQ) practice could improve the immune response to influenza vaccine in olderadults. Fifty older adults...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 52
Published: 05 June 2008
10.1159/000134295
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8490-6
... Abstract The objective of this study was to determine whether the effects of Tai Chi training ondepressive symptoms in Chinese older patients with depression remained statistically significantafter social support was controlled. Fourteen community-dwelling older patients from apsychogeriatric...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 162
Published: 28 October 2008
10.1159/000170841
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8959-8
..., this increased sensitivity has allowed the identification of circulating donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies in many patients with otherwise good graft function. Such findings are worthy of discussion, as it has yet to be determined whether these circulating antibodies can only be considered an early marker...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 51
Published: 31 May 2007
10.1159/000103004
EISBN: 978-3-318-01459-4
... absorption, and both dietary proteinand total energy intake can also alter bone metabolism through their influence on growth factorssuch as insulin-like growth factor I. However, whether these factors act synergisticallywith exercise to enhance bone accrual has not been examined. Therefore, while exercise...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 96
Published: 30 June 2022
10.1159/000519395
EISBN: 978-3-318-07015-6
... whether differences in newborn body composition between ethnic groups are a consequence of genetic endowment, or intrauterine influences. Progress in this area requires funders and investigators to collaborate to establish high-quality, longitudinal cohort studies designed to have the ability to elicit...