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Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 55
Published: 29 November 2021
EISBN: 978-3-318-06608-1
... ]. In parallel to the in vivo SPF methods, further measurement endpoints for sunscreen products emerged and were developed, as UVA protection and water resistance. In this work, the actual status of the most important test methods in the field of sunscreen testing is explained, and the status of harmonization...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 55
Published: 29 November 2021
EISBN: 978-3-318-06608-1
... Abstract Background/Aims: In order to define a label SPF of topically applied sunscreens, in vivo test methods like ISO 24444, FDA Guideline, and the Australian Standard are used worldwide. The basis of all these methods is to induce an erythemal skin reaction by UV irradiation to find...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 5
Published: 04 July 2016
EISBN: 978-3-318-05867-3
... detailed in vivo observation into all major domains of vascularized composite allotransplantation research, including rejection and tolerance, structural and functional recoveries, and therapeutic assessments. In the laboratory setting, tissomic studies allow validation of the observed event from...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 49
Published: 12 February 2016
EISBN: 978-3-318-05586-3
... Abstract The epidermal barrier, predominantly attributed to the stratum corneum (SC), is the outermost part of our body that comprises multiple defensive functions against exogenous attacks and the loss of body substances, e.g. water. A novel investigative method, in vivo Raman confocal...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 112
Published: 26 November 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02753-2
..., Ramakrishnan R, Deckelbaum RJ: CD36 and proteoglycan-mediated pathways for (n-3) fatty acid enriched triglyceride-rich particle blood clearance in mouse models in vivo and in peritoneal macrophages in vitro. J Nutr 2008;138:257-261. ...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 4
Published: 27 February 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02564-4
... with immunosuppressive therapy led to regression of capillary rarefaction in the peripheral area [ 15 ]. EDI-OCT would be an easily reproducible in vivo reliable test for the diagnostic screening of patients with RP. A predictive standardized use of choroidal imaging (with EDI-SD-OCT), similar to the one available...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 45
Published: 11 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9419-6
... Abstract Understanding of dry eye syndrome (DES) today is driven by in vivo analysis of tear osmolarity, tear film break up time, impression cytology and description of symptoms. Existing in vivo models of DES need severe alterations of tear production or corneal integrity. For a more detailed...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 20
Published: 24 November 2009
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9276-5
... and is associated with pericyte apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. Am J Pathol 2000;156:1025-1032 28. Dagher Z, Park YS, Asnaghi V, Hoehn T, Gerhardinger C, Lorenzi M: Studies of rat and human retinas predict a role for the polyol pathway in human diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes 2004;53:2404-2411 29. Bresnick...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 66
Published: 26 May 2009
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9036-5
... such as vector toxicity and load, viral serotype and backbone, and promoter specificity are discussed and contrasted for both in vivo vs. in vitro inner ear gene transfer. ...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 19
Published: 12 August 2008
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8641-2
... Abstract A reliable method for (repeated) non-invasive quantification of Β-cell mass in vivo in humans will enhance our understanding of the pathophysiology of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Individual patients with type 2 diabetes show large differences regarding the relative contribution...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 159
Published: 21 April 2008
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8506-4
... Abstract Over the last few years, viral vectors based on the adeno-associated virus have gainedincreasing popularity due to several favorable characteristics, including the high efficiency oftransduction of postmitotic tissues in vivo and the long-term persistence of transgene expressionin...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 12
Published: 24 September 2007
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8386-2
... play an essentialrole in the proliferation of precursor cells. In the present review, we focused on the roles of fibroblastgrowth factors (FGFs) in pancreas development. Improvements of the in vivo and in vitro techniqueswere used to define the function of FGF10. Experiments on FGF10 knockout mice...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 93
Published: 20 March 2007
EISBN: 978-3-318-01451-8
Book Chapter
Series: Radiosurgery
Volume: 6
Published: 15 May 2006
EISBN: 978-3-318-01336-8
... Abstract Objective: The purpose of this work is to investigate the extracranial doses in vivo duringintracranial treatments comparing the Gamma Knife system with the Novalis system foridentical pathologies. The analysis is limited to single fraction stereotactic radiosurgeries.Methods...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 34
Published: 07 October 2005
EISBN: 978-3-318-01240-8
... Abstract Assays utilizing chloride-sensitive fluorescent indicatorshave been applied to study chloride transport by CFTR innative and transfected cell culture models, in ex vivo tissues inhuman gene therapy trials, and in high-throughput screeningapplications for discovery of CFTR inhibitors...