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Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 72
Published: 10 August 2011
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9723-4
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9723-4
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 35
Published: 10 May 2006
10.1159/000093149
EISBN: 978-3-318-01299-6
... Abstract Treatment options for snoring and upper airway resistancesyndrome are hampered by either low compliance or lowefficacy. Therefore, refinements in these therapeutic strategiesare needed. The understanding of the pathogenic factors ofupper airway obstruction and an individual’s...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 79
Published: 03 August 2016
10.1159/000445137
EISBN: 978-3-318-05854-3
..., there are polymorphisms in T2R38 that underlie susceptibility to chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Bitter and sweet receptors in sinonasal solitary chemosensory cells control secretion of antimicrobial peptides in the upper airway and may have a profound impact on airway infections in patients with CRS and diabetes. Future...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 45
Published: 13 March 2014
10.1159/000357904
EISBN: 978-3-318-02527-9
... Abstract Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are frequently detected in a variety of lesions in the oral mucosa and upper respiratory tract. The pathogenesis in these areas is not as clearly elucidated as in other anatomical regions, but most experts agree that HPVs are responsible for the commonly...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 59
Published: 17 October 2012
10.1159/000341967
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9993-1
... Abstract Prolonged and high-intensity exercise affects immune function and leads to an increased risk of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) in endurance athletes. The increased incidence of URTI symptoms may negatively affect athletic performance. Various nutritional supplements have...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 72
Published: 10 August 2011
10.1159/000324622
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9723-4
... Abstract The objective of our studies was to document the presence of bacterial biofilms in recurrent and chronic infectious diseases of the upper airways (UA) (adenoiditis, tonsillitis, chronic rhinosinusitis) and to assess the association between the presence of biofilm and the maintenance...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 72
Published: 10 August 2011
10.1159/000324773
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9723-4
... Abstract Mucosal vaccine has been considered a promising strategy to prevent upper respiratory infections. As the immunization routes to induce mucosal immune responses, oral, intranasal, and sublingual immunizations are proposed for clinical application. Recently, it has been reported...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 38
Published: 06 May 2010
10.1159/000314390
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9311-3
... Abstract Flexible airway endoscopy allows a detailed systematic inspection of the upper airways from the nose down to the thoracic inlet and is the ultimate diagnostic test for evaluation of upper airway obstruction (UAO). The dynamic view it provides is essential in diagnosing upper airway...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 27
Published: 13 November 2009
10.1159/000258362
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9309-0
... Abstract Anastomotic leaks are the most severe complication after upper gastrointestinal surgery and a major source for mortality and morbidity. Meanwhile, endoscopic procedures, especially the placement of self-expanding stents, are an attractive treatment option to close the leak...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 27
Published: 13 November 2009
10.1159/000258386
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9309-0
... enteroscopy has great diagnostic and therapeutic potential as a technique to obtain biliary or pancreatic access in patients with surgically altered anatomical configurations. Patients with surgically altered upper gastrointestinal anatomy are a serious challenge to the endoscopist when access...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Radiation Therapy and Oncology
Volume: 40
Published: 26 June 2007
10.1159/000106041
EISBN: 978-3-318-01415-0
... Abstract Local control and survival of most upper abdominal malignancies are poor. Challenges associated with the safe delivery of tumoricidal doses of radiation therapy to these malignancies include organ motion due to breathing, gastrointestinal filling and peristalsis, and the presence...
Book Chapter
Published: 31 July 2006
10.1159/000095014
EISBN: 978-3-318-01338-2
... Abstract There is increasing epidemiological, biochemical, and genetic evidence supporting therole of the first metabolite of alcohol oxidation - acetaldehyde - as a common denominatorin the pathogenesis of upper aerodigestive tract cancers. Accordingly, acetaldehyde derivedeither from ethanol...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 63
Published: 12 June 2006
10.1159/000093758
EISBN: 978-3-318-01351-1
... Abstract Postviral olfactory disorders usually occur after an upper respiratory tract infection(URTI) associated with a common cold or influenza. With a prevalence between 11 and 40%they are among the common causes of olfactory disorders. Women are more often affectedthan men and post-URTI...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 35
Published: 10 May 2006
10.1159/000093148
EISBN: 978-3-318-01299-6
... and dynamic information on the process of obstructionof upper airway. Endoscopy with the Mueller maneuver hasalso been applied to the study of sleep-related breathing disordersbut its predictive value is dubious. Cephalometry haspointed to different anatomical indicators of increased riskfor sleep apnea...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 35
Published: 10 May 2006
10.1159/000093153
EISBN: 978-3-318-01299-6
... for this.Theseinclude signs of local nervous lesions in the upper airway, bothmotor and sensory.The focus in this review is put on evidencefor motor neuron lesions in the upper airway muscles such asthe phenomena of type grouping and grouped atrophy in histologicalsections, and how this may be related to musclestrength...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 35
Published: 10 May 2006
10.1159/000093162
EISBN: 978-3-318-01299-6
... Abstract The upper airway muscles are importantly affected inobstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The most importantdilator, the genioglossus, shows augmented activity duringwakefulness which decreases during sleep. Moreover, it showsgreater fatigue and structural changes such as abnormal...