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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510195
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract Biofilm formation has become a significant problem in dental unit water lines (DUWLs). The formation of biofilms and microbial growth in DUWLs leads to an unacceptably high number of microorganisms in the water used for spraying, cooling, and ultrasonication procedures...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 47
Published: 26 February 2015
10.1159/000369416
EISBN: 978-3-318-02775-4
... Abstract There are different techniques of hair transplantation. The most common and known hair transplantation methods are the ‘strip' method, where a strip of skin containing hair follicles is removed, cut into grafts and implanted in the recipient area, and the follicle unit extraction (FUE...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 112
Published: 26 November 2014
10.1159/000365667
EISBN: 978-3-318-02753-2
... Abstract Malnutrition of critically ill patients is a widespread phenomenon in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide. Lipid emulsions (LEs) are able to provide sufficient caloric support and essential fatty acids to correct the energy deficit and improve outcome. Furthermore, components of LEs...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 112
Published: 26 November 2014
10.1159/000365607
EISBN: 978-3-318-02753-2
... hyperinflammatory conditions and induced faster recovery. This chapter will shed light on the effects of intravenous fish oil in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients and will discuss clinical data and recent meta-analyses on the topic. While significant beneficial effects on infection rates and the lengths...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 33
Published: 25 March 2014
10.1159/000356985
EISBN: 978-3-318-02579-8
... Abstract The acutely ill patient who requires admission to the intensive care unit is at risk for a number of potentially life-threatening disorders of gut motility. Predisposing and/or precipitating factors may include the underlying illness itself, recent surgery, sepsis and a variety...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 105
Published: 01 October 2012
10.1159/000341294
EISBN: 978-3-318-02228-5
... of acute illness, and multiple interventions. Therefore, a new way of approaching the complexity of these patients is required, progressing from the whole body to compartments, organs, pericellular space, and cellular metabolism. We propose to untangle the complexity of intensive care unit patients...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 105
Published: 01 October 2012
10.1159/000341297
EISBN: 978-3-318-02228-5
.... Most studies evaluate oral supplementation in hospitalized patients and institutionalized elderly. The paucity of RCTs focusing on intensive care unit (ICU) nutrition in the support of wound healing and the prevention of pathologic healing precludes formulation of evidence-based guidelines...
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Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 38
Published: 06 May 2010
10.1159/000314384
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9311-3
... for in the paediatric or neonatal intensive-care units, and they usually require endotracheal intubation (or tracheostomy) and mechanical ventilation. Although the technique of the procedure and the equipment used do not differ from those used in the outpatient setting, the severity of illness and the lability...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313769
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... Abstract Dysnatremias (hypo- and hypernatremia) are common in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with a prevalence approaching 20–30% in some studies. Recent data reveals that both hypo- and hypernatremia present on admission to or developing in the ICU are independent risk...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 37
Published: 17 March 2009
10.1159/000210413
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8643-6
... Abstract Physician-performed pleural ultrasonography has assumed a prominent role in the evaluation and management of pleural disease in the intensive care unit (ICU). Sonography can be used to rapidly diagnose pneumothorax, to evaluate pleural effusions, and to differentiate parenchymal lung...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 156
Published: 10 May 2007
10.1159/000102110
EISBN: 978-3-318-01456-3
... Abstract World wide, heparins are the most commonly used anticoagulants for renal replacementtherapy (RRT). In the intensive care unit (ICU) keeping the RRT circuit patent is more difficultthan during routine outpatient hemodialysis, as ICU patients typically have sepsis and/orinflammation...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 33
Published: 04 February 2005
10.1159/000083629
EISBN: 978-3-318-01087-9
... functiontests into routine intensive care unit (ICU) care ismanifold, although there exists no evidence that the availabilityof such data makes a real difference to outcome.Pulmonary function testing offers a great educational tool forany critical care physician to acquire the physiological backgroundnecessary...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 147
Published: 07 December 2004
10.1159/000082553
EISBN: 978-3-318-01169-2
..., hematological, when patients with large tumor burdenand rapid cell turnover develop acute tumor lysis syndrome (ATLS). The purpose of thischapter is to review the pharmacological tools currently available and their optimal use in thetreatment of patients admitted in intensive care unit with hyperuricemia...
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Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 8
Published: 29 July 2003
10.1159/000072751
EISBN: 978-3-318-00943-9