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ultrafiltration

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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
10.1159/000313731
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... or even dangerous for the patient. In these conditions, extracorporeal ultrafiltration may be required. Extracorporeal ultrafiltration can be performed continuously or intermittently, using dedicated machines. The goal is to remove the right amount of fluid without causing hemodynamic instability...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 163
Published: 15 June 2009
10.1159/000223773
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9203-1
... Abstract Net ultrafiltration in peritoneal dialysis results from a complex set of forces within the tissue space surrounding the peritoneal cavity. Hydrostatic pressure due to the large volume of fluid drives water and solute into the surrounding tissue, and therefore a high osmotic pressure...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 163
Published: 15 June 2009
10.1159/000223785
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9203-1
.... Ultrafiltration targets as formulated in various guidelines are reviewed. Finally, it is concluded that the ultrafiltration target is the amount required to keep patients euvolemic with an exposure to glucose that is as low as possible. ...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 163
Published: 15 June 2009
10.1159/000223799
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9203-1
... peritoneal dialysis (CPD) have phosphate levels above 5.5 mg%. The present study was designed to examine the relative contribution of ultrafiltration to phosphate removal in CPD patients. 24-hour dialysate collections were obtained in 28 CPD patients and the diffuse and ultrafiltration (UF) contributions...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 150
Published: 12 May 2006
10.1159/000093510
EISBN: 978-3-318-01347-4
... with peritoneal ultrafiltration failure and/or negligible residual renal function are proneto overhydration. Treatment consists of a combination of sodium and fluid restriction, incombination with increased peritoneal ultrafiltration and loop diuretics in patients with residualdiuresis. Peritoneal ultrafiltration...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 150
Published: 12 May 2006
10.1159/000093482
EISBN: 978-3-318-01347-4
... Abstract The net ultrafiltration during peritoneal dialysis equals the osmotic ultrafiltration minusthe fluid loss. Fluid loss is made up primarily of hydrostatic pressure-driven convection to thetissues surrounding the peritoneal cavity and a lesser amount of lymph flow. The cellular andblood...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 149
Published: 10 May 2005
10.1159/000085695
EISBN: 978-3-318-01222-4
... Abstract An intravenous plasmapheresis catheter which excludes >99.4% of platelets fromexternal ultrafiltration circuits is currently undergoing safety and efficacy trials for fluidremoval from NYHA class II-IV congestive heart failure patients resistant to diuretic drugtherapy. In animals...
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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 129
Published: 15 October 1999
10.1159/000060024
EISBN: 978-3-318-00480-9
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