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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 106
Published: 12 February 2013
10.1159/000342564
EISBN: 978-3-318-02266-7
... later body weight. An early rebound is a risk factor for later overweight. Many fat children stay fat but, by contrast, an early AR is not associated with overweight in early life. These observations point out the existence of various BMI patterns associated with adult obesity. Two main trajectories...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 90
Published: 13 March 2019
10.1159/000490299
EISBN: 978-3-318-06341-7
...-term growth trajectories indicate later start of puberty and slow pubertal growth, but adult weight and height are not reached before 20-24 years. In adulthood, prevalence of stunting and wasting is much lower than during any period of childhood. Maternal risk factors, such as childhood marriage...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 44
Published: 28 May 2013
10.1159/000350747
EISBN: 978-3-318-02404-3
...) of life? What are the effects of the onset (and course) of a chronic disease on all other variables (such as social and economic pathway, marital status, etc.) that define a life trajectory and how can this influence be modulated by medical and social interventions? In order to tackle such ambitious...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 94
Published: 09 June 2020
10.1159/000505578
EISBN: 978-3-318-06685-2
... trajectory and long-term immune health. More specifically, we will review how the presence of allergens in breast milk together with maternal milk cofactors such as TGF-β, vitamin A, and immunoglobulins influence mucosal immunity in early life with long-term effects on allergic disease susceptibility. We...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 87
Published: 24 March 2017
10.1159/000448964
EISBN: 978-3-318-05956-4
... susceptibility act in the central nervous system to regulate intrinsic levels of infant appetite and satiety, and they impact on infant dietary behaviors to influence growth and weight gain. These genetic factors indicate an early life trajectory to later obesity that starts with rapid infancy gains in weight...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 44
Published: 28 May 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02404-3
... framework for developing health, policy, and research. Milbank Q 2002;80:433-479. 3. Giele JZ, Elder GH: Methods of Life Course Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Los Angeles, Sage, 1998. 4. Sacker A, Worts D, McDonough P: Social influences on trajectories of self-rated health...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 19
Published: 17 June 2010
10.1159/000316897
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9451-6
... Abstract High rates of overweight and obesity even in very young children argue the case for strategies to prevent overweight from very young ages. Historical studies, prospective birth cohorts, and more recently genetic studies all indicate that the rapid weight gain trajectory to later...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 97
Published: 12 May 2023
10.1159/000528988
EISBN: 978-3-318-07170-2
... microbiota parameters such as diversity, taxa abundance, or specific functions. A more global approach has used “microbiota age” to capture maturation trajectory through machine learning models. In this review, the use and limitations of the latest methods to capture and understand microbiota maturation...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 97
Published: 12 May 2023
10.1159/000529004
EISBN: 978-3-318-07170-2
.... Anthropometric measurements, body composition, and their trajectories have been the metrics to evaluate both age-appropriate growth and link to future metabolic disease risk. As factors associated with risk of metabolic disease like childhood obesity are fairly well known, a strategic framework that includes...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 32
Published: 28 May 2021
10.1159/000510414
EISBN: 978-3-318-06856-6
... that the microbiome, especially that within the gastrointestinal tract, is most dynamic and perhaps has its greatest influence on host health. Here, we focus on the role of the gut microbiome as a regulator of brain and behaviour through key points in the human lifespan. We first describe trajectories...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 33
Published: 22 January 2018
10.1159/000481102
EISBN: 978-3-318-06202-1
... of the operation and often through multiple precisely parallel trajectories. Therefore, there was a need to develop a stereotactic frameless system, which had equivalent accuracy and reliability to the traditional stereotactic frame with the benefits of a frameless system. This need was met with 3 commercially...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 81
Published: 07 May 2018
10.1159/000485577
EISBN: 978-3-318-06315-8
... intraoperative mapping and thus precise localization of the cochlear nerve in its entire trajectory from the brainstem to the fundus of the internal auditory canal, which is a major advance in relation to atraumatic dissection of the nerve. The system can be used for surgery of all types of CPA tumors...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 193
Published: 08 February 2018
10.1159/000484961
EISBN: 978-3-318-06311-0
...) should direct clinicians as well as researchers to pay attention to a critical time period for renal recovery in which interventions may alter long-term outcomes. (2) Recent studies have evaluated AKI recovery patterns, or trajectories, and is an important step towards defining long-term prognosis. (3...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 32
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475733
EISBN: 978-3-318-05974-8
... to taste preferences, weight trajectory, and development of chronic disease. We specifically focus on potential mechanisms through which sweetness exposure during early development may affect key metabolic outcomes. The preference for sweetness is universal and changes over the lifespan [ 1...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 87
Published: 24 March 2017
10.1159/000448938
EISBN: 978-3-318-05956-4
... delivery, which put many infants on a different growth trajectory. Postnatal exposure to microbes resulting in diarrhea and febrile infectious diseases and poor quality diet further compromise growth. Determinants of growth faltering after birth vary by setting and are not independent of each other...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 85
Published: 25 April 2016
10.1159/000439507
EISBN: 978-3-318-05643-3
... genetic and environmental determinants of weight trajectories in early childhood with a focus on appetite and the home environment. Gemini families have been supplying questionnaire data at regular intervals, starting when the twins were 8 months old. Analyses of data on infant appetite and weight have...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 84
Published: 18 January 2016
10.1159/000436957
EISBN: 978-3-318-05599-3
... and to test protective antenatal and neonatal interventions to attenuate aberrant health trajectories. A satisfactory biomarker of outcome must be predictive of later functional health and ideally remain stable over the period from infancy to childhood and adult life. To date, blood pressure is the index...