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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510201
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... used worldwide for the elimination of biofilm is periodic mechanical removal using a toothbrush or similar tools, such as chewing sticks or woods. This method was already used in ancient Egypt, and is still being used today, albeit advanced and improved with the help of toothpastes. Here we give...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350456
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... Abstract Toothpaste is a paste or gel to be used with a toothbrush to maintain and improve oral health and aesthetics. Since their introduction several thousand years ago, toothpaste formulations have evolved considerably - from suspensions of crushed egg shells or ashes to complex formulations...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350477
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... toothpaste products alone cause clinically insignificant wear of enamel but are additive, even synergistic, to erosive enamel loss. Additionally, toothbrushing with toothpaste is implicated in ‘healthy' gingival recession. Toothbrushing with most toothpastes removes the smear layer to expose tubules...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350475
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... with toothpastes is that abrasives, otherwise beneficial in terms of cleaning properties, may counteract the effects of active ingredients. Fluoride toothpastes offer a degree of protection, but in order to design more effective formulations, active ingredients in addition to, or other than, fluorides have been...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350480
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... Abstract The intra-oral retention or substantivity of active ingredients in toothpastes is important for their effectiveness, and this is influenced by product-related and user-related factors. Product-related factors include the formulation and the compatibility of active and other agents...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-02207-0
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350465
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... Abstract Dentifrices are a general term used to describe preparations that are used together with a toothbrush with the purpose to clean and/or polish the teeth. Active toothpastes were first formulated in the 1950s and included ingredients such as urea, enzymes, ammonium phosphate, sodium...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350698
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... Abstract In terms of novel formulations, there seems to have been a shift in emphasis from anti-caries/anti-gingivitis to anti-calculus/whitening toothpastes in recent years. The anti-calculus and whitening effects of toothpastes are to some extent based on the same active ingredients...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350472
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... is the result of the degradation of organic substrates by anaerobic bacteria of the oral cavity, the management is mostly done by masking the odorous compounds or eliminating the cause (bacteria and their substrates) either mechanically or chemically. Toothpaste formulations have been modified to carry...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350479
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... Abstract Much more than mechanical biofilm removal, toothbrushing with fluoride toothpastes is an effective way of increasing the availability of fluoride in the oral cavity to reduce demineralization and enhance remineralization of enamel and dentine. These effects of fluoride toothpastes have...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 31
Published: 19 July 2023
10.1159/000530564
EISBN: 978-3-318-07166-5
... of modern societies, different strategies have been developed to successfully keep fluoride available in oral fluids: (1) community-based approaches, such as water fluoridation, in which fluoride is delivered to communities at very low levels; (2) individual-based approaches, such as fluoride toothpastes...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 25
Published: 24 June 2014
10.1159/000360379
EISBN: 978-3-318-02553-8
... of factors, including not only the physical properties of the toothpaste and toothbrush used but also patient-related factors such as toothbrushing frequency and force of brushing. While abrasion resulting from routine oral hygiene can be considered as physiological wear over time, intensive brushing might...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350458
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... when fluoride, calcium and phosphate ions are added favoring remineralization. In addition, when fluoride is present, it will be incorporated into the newly formed mineral which is then less soluble. Toothpastes may contain fluoride and calcium ions separately or together in various compounds...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479349
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... RCLs. Among the self-applied products, there is strong evidence that 5,000 ppm F toothpaste is more effective in arresting RCLs (by increasing hardness) and in preventing new lesions (PF of 51%) compared to 1,100-1,450 ppm F toothpastes, in 6-month clinical trials. With regard to professional fluoride...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... Dent Assoc 1970;80:317-323. 5. Pickles MJ, Joiner A, Weader E, Cooper YL, Cox TF: Abrasion of human enamel and dentine caused by toothpastes of differing abrasivity determined using an in situ wear model. Int Dent J 2005;55(suppl 1):188-193. 6. Absi EG, Addy M, Adams D: Dentine hypersensitivity...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 25
Published: 24 June 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02553-8
...References References 1. Addy M, Hunter ML: Can tooth brushing damage your health? Effects on oral and dental tissues. Int Dent J 2003;53(suppl 3):177-186. 2. Joiner A, Pickles MJ, Tanner C, Weader E, Doyle P: An in situ model to study the toothpaste abrasion of enamel. J Clin Periodontol...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510203
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... together with an increase in the pH of the environment . Evaluating the influence of daily manual removal of the biofilm in vitro by brushing with a commercial toothpaste containing fluoride and arginine resulted in less surface microhardness even when compared with a toothpaste with fluoride only. Recent...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... index for monitoring. J Clin Periodontol 1997;24:201-205. 5. Rao CB, Kohli A, Addy M: Dentine hypersensitivity: information document for Indian dental professionals. Dental Council of India, 2010. 6. Ganss C, Schulze K, Schlueter N: Toothpaste and Erosion; in van Loveren C (ed): Toothpastes...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
...References References 1. Jardim JJ, Alves LS, Maltz M: The history and global market of oral home-care products. Braz Oral Res 2009;23(suppl 1):17-22. 2. Horseman RE: The her-story of toothpaste. J Calif Dent Assoc 2006;34:769-770. 3. http://www.h2g2.com/approved_entry/A2818686...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 25
Published: 24 June 2014
10.1159/000360555
EISBN: 978-3-318-02553-8
.... The results are presented and discussed for different fluoride sources such as monovalent and polyvalent fluorides, and for different vehicles such as toothpastes, solutions and rinses, as well as varnishes and gels. It is concluded that fluoride applications are very likely to be of use in the preventive...