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tonsillar

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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 157
Published: 25 May 2007
10.1159/000102315
EISBN: 978-3-318-01467-9
... be related to the pathogenesis of IgAN. However, the mechanism of underglycosylationin tonsillar IgA has not yet been fully elucidated. Since O-glycans in IgA are produced byglycosyltransferases, we hypothesized that dysregulation of the enzymes is associated withunderglycosylation. ...
Book Chapter
Published: 02 April 2015
10.1159/000365470
EISBN: 978-3-318-02697-9
... obstruction as well as arteriovenous compromise. C 1 misalignment may also contribute to distention of the cerebellar tonsils (cerebellar tonsillar ectopia), i.e. down through the foramen magnum due to caudal tension by way of dentate ligament pathological stress on the spinal cord leading to obstruction...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 72
Published: 10 August 2011
10.1159/000324583
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9723-4
... Abstract Tonsillar focal disease is defined as clinical disorders in the distant organ from the tonsil that are caused by the tonsils without any symptoms of the tonsil itself. Palmoplantar pustulosis and IgA nephropathy are known typical tonsillar focal diseases. In this paper, the clinical...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 72
Published: 10 August 2011
10.1159/000324609
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9723-4
... the analyses of O-glycan structure in the IgA1 molecules taken from tonsils, sera and glomeruli of patients with IgAN. Hypoglycosylation, especially hypogalactosylation of O-glycans has been observed not only in serum and glomerular IgA1 but also in tonsillar IgA1. Tonsillar IgA Amelio et al. [ 1...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 72
Published: 10 August 2011
10.1159/000324610
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9723-4
... Abstract Glycosylation, which represents the most complex post-translational modification, plays a pivotal role during protein maturation, and is orchestrated by numerous glycosyltransferases. Aberrant O-glycosylation of serum and tonsillar IgA1 is presumed to be one of the pathogeneses of IgA...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 62
Published: 25 November 2004
10.1159/000082474
EISBN: 978-3-318-01119-7
... Abstract Our recent analysis of papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in different malignant head and necktumors revealed that HPV infections occurred most frequently in tonsillar carcinomas (58%)and that 84% of positive cases contained the highly oncogenic HPV type 16. We could alsopresent data in favor...
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Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 77
Published: 29 April 2016
10.1159/000441888
EISBN: 978-3-318-05651-8
... defensins in palatine tonsils with 3 different diseases: tonsillar hypertrophy, recurrent tonsillitis and focal infection of the tonsil. RT-PCR analysis and immunofluorescence revealed that the expression of human α-defensin 4 and β-defensin 3 (β 3 ) in palatine tonsils with tonsillar hypertrophy was lower...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 72
Published: 10 August 2011
10.1159/000324618
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9723-4
... Abstract Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is famous for causing typical tonsillar focal diseases. Clinical improvement of PPP rash after tonsillectomy was seen in 109 (94%) of 116 patients by subjective self-assessment, and 52 (88%) of 59 patients by objective Palmoplantar Pustulosis Area...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 77
Published: 29 April 2016
10.1159/000441902
EISBN: 978-3-318-05651-8
..., including tonsillar focal infections such as palmoplantar pustulosis and IgA nephropathy, in addition to the highly prevalent sleep disorder called obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Although the mechanisms underlying these disorders remain unknown, the tonsils have long been postulated as a unique...
Book Chapter
..., Takahara M, Harabuchi Y: Expression of cutaneous 4 lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA) in tonsillar T-cells and its induction by in vitro stimulation with alpha-streptococci in patients with pustulosis palmaris et plantaris (PPP). Clin Immunol 2005;116:42-53 3. Yoshizaki T, Bandoh N, Ueda S, Nozawa H...