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Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000522599
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Moral responsibility is the ability and moral obligation in which people must respond fully for their performed acts. Therefore, each of the steps and/or choices taken by the micropigmentation artist must be based on knowledge, on the responsible exercise of the learnt technique. That is what working...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 95
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000511522
EISBN: 978-3-318-06866-5
... mealtimes particularly challenging. Parental feeding practices such as providing opportunities for toddlers to eat healthy foods in age-appropriate settings and responding to a toddler’s signals promptly, appropriately, and with nurturance (a pattern known as responsive feeding) are therefore essential...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 189
Published: 22 December 2016
10.1159/000450814
EISBN: 978-3-318-05929-8
... Abstract Backgrounds: Vascular access (VA) stenosis increases the risk of VA obstruction due to the gradual progress of intimal thickening. Therefore, we should try to detect VA stenosis early. However, we do not have a cutoff for when a difference between prescribed Kt/V and delivered Kt/V...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 122
Published: 03 September 2021
10.1159/000514742
EISBN: 978-3-318-06647-0
... D are important nutrients for preterm infants because of their roles in bone development. Though critical to bone mineralization, sometimes overlooked are calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium’s essential functions in cellular energy metabolism. Therefore, they are not only vital for bone health...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 31
Published: 19 July 2023
10.1159/000530550
EISBN: 978-3-318-07166-5
... and dentine (Chapter 4). These defects do not per se increase the risk of coronal caries. They may, however, favor dental biofilm accumulation, and its removal may be more difficult also for reasons of sensitivity. The characteristics of the dental tissues being altered may therefore react differently...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 21
Published: 11 December 2017
10.1159/000481328
EISBN: 978-3-318-06123-9
... and cannot be used in small children, and questionnaires may have to be modified and validated for different age groups. Therefore, in most cases, it is necessary to focus on a confined age group: Higher daily physical activity (measured by accelerometry) decreases BMI and skinfold thickness...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 33
Published: 22 January 2018
10.1159/000481107
EISBN: 978-3-318-06202-1
... may be due in part to the fact that DBS interferes with both pathological and physiological neural activities. DBS could, therefore, be potentially improved were it applied selectively and only at times of enhanced pathological activity. This form of stimulation is known as closed-loop or adaptive DBS...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 151
Published: 17 August 2006
10.1159/000095329
EISBN: 978-3-318-01384-9
..., sometimes associated with hyperperfusion as well, independentof blood pressure or the presence of diabetes. An elevated filtration fraction was found in severalstudies, consistent with glomerular hypertension. This renal hemodynamic profile resembles thehyperfiltration pattern in diabetes and is therefore...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 56
Published: 21 March 2016
10.1159/000442774
EISBN: 978-3-318-05830-7
... Abstract Optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography (OCT-A) is a transformative approach in imaging ocular vessels based on flow rather than simple reflectance intensity. It is therefore a functional extension of OCT that can be used to visualize microvasculature by detecting motion...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516732
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... to replenish these losses of amino acids to maintain protein homeostasis. This is not different in infants or children when compared to adults. However, in children, there is an additional need for dietary protein to allow new tissue growth. The requirement for dietary protein is therefore composed of two...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516987
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
.... Therefore, in a child with advanced liver disease, low serum protein may not necessarily reflect a lack of substrate, but rather a lack of synthetic function. Serum protein concentrations are also susceptible to changes in renal function, hydration status, and fluid shifts, and these changes may occur...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 44
Published: 28 May 2013
10.1159/000350056
EISBN: 978-3-318-02404-3
... Abstract Skin diseases are visible, and identifying abnormal skin generally does not require specialist knowledge. Dermatology is therefore a ripe field for studies of cumulative life course impairment, because of the many diseases that affect not only the patients, but also their psychosocial...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516703
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... they are expelled during attempted defecation. Insufficient fluid intake or excess fluid loss due to severe diarrhea, vomiting, or fever may therefore lead to the hardening of stools. This applies particularly to infants, who are more susceptible to (mild) dehydration due to their small body weight and high...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000526729
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
..., respectively, cannot be removed by classic dialysis; therefore, different extracorporeal techniques have been developed to remove bilirubin from the blood. Plasma adsorption perfusion is an extracorporeal liver support technique in which bilirubin is removed from the plasma through a specific adsorbing...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 44
Published: 03 November 2006
10.1159/000096728
EISBN: 978-3-318-01395-5
.... There is therefore a need for improvements, both in the early identificationof individuals at risk, and in cardiovascular risk stratification. Arterial stiffness is animportant determinant of cardiovascular risk and can now be measured simply and noninvasivelyin large populations. This review will therefore focus...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 113
Published: 17 April 2015
10.1159/000367864
EISBN: 978-3-318-02691-7
.... A further consideration when dealing with children is their ability to supply reliable dietary data themselves. Children below the age of 8-10 years do not usually have the cognitive skills necessary to recall or record foods eaten accurately enough for assessment [ 2 ]. Therefore, it will be necessary...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 43
Published: 04 May 2020
10.1159/000504491
EISBN: 978-3-318-06678-4
... such as seasonal influenza or pneumococcal disease associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Therefore, influenza and pneumococcal vaccination are recommended as part of comprehensive secondary prevention in adults and elderly individuals with CVD [ 3 ]. It could be argued that the immunological changes...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369196
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... or forbidden colourants. There is, therefore, no established method for the determination of the quantities of these chemicals in tattoo and permanent make-up inks. Failing to provide an appropriate method may lead to unqualified and questionable results which often cause legal disputes that are ultimately...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 59
Published: 31 January 2007
10.1159/000098513
EISBN: 978-3-318-01410-5
... Abstract The conventional wisdom is that early exposure to allergenic food proteins duringpregnancy, lactation, or infancy leads to food allergies, and that prevention strategiesshould therefore aim to eliminate allergenic food proteins during pregnancy, breastfeeding,and early childhood...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526046
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
..., it is therefore of growing importance to understand how to distinguish well-made safe tattoo equipment from fraudulent unsafe products. Abstract This chapter reviews our present knowledge about equipment used for cosmetic (decorative) and medical tattooing and its function with respect to installation...