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tattooing

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Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000529810
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Microblading is a rapidly expanding technique in cosmetic and medical tattooing, used for eyebrow correction and conditions of hair loss. Tattooing is performed by hand using a special blade; tiny cuts in the outer skin are filled with dark pigment to simulate a natural hair...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526054
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Medical tattooing aims to restore the normality of skin structures in patients who have skin diseases or suffer sequelae after surgical interventions or hazards. There are numerous applications, with tattooing of vitiligo and the nipple areola complex after breast cancer surgery...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526194
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Needles, machines, and techniques used for professional cosmetic and medical tattooing have reached a high level of sophistication. Best utensils are combined with operator’s insight – the key to best results. Nowadays, a broad range of different tattoo needles serving different...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526046
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract This chapter reviews our present knowledge about equipment used for cosmetic (decorative) and medical tattooing and its function with respect to installation of tattoo ink into the skin. In the following text, the word “tattooing” refers to body tattooing, permanent makeup (PMU...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000522600
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Cosmetic and medical tattooing are in rapid growth on all continents. The tattoos contribute to self-esteem and quality of life. Clients and patients have many different backgrounds and often highest aesthetic expectations, which the professionals shall meet. In this situation, correct...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000521480
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract The European Union for Standardization called CEN (Comité Européen de Nomalization), as a result of the project named CEN/TC-435 in January 2020, released a new hygiene standard for tattooing as a non-binding recommendation on safe tattoo practice in Europe, ready for national...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000522598
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Tattooing of the eyeline is an utmost delicate procedure because of the subtle structure and the thin skin of the eyeline and the closeness to the eye. The esthetic outcome and customer satisfaction also have a narrow range. The artist therefore must be both talented and experienced...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000524117
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Lip tattooing for cosmetic or medical purposes is a difficult operation with indications and contraindications. Lips have a refined microanatomy and many functions ranging from aesthetics and mimics supporting facial expressions to entirely biological functions such as supporting oral...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000521486
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
.... The aim of the medical tattooing procedure in vitiligo is to revert the white vitiligo patches to normal-looking skin of natural or near natural color through installation of brownish tattoo pigment. The coloring effect is not permanent and tends to fade over time, and repeated treatment may be needed...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526193
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... tone and look by the application of medical tattooing. This can help many scar victims regain their quality of life. High level of skill is required by the tattoo artist, who shall be experienced. Tattooing may restore skin color, but it cannot restore textural and structural changes, which may need...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000529556
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... and swollen in the early sate and white and irregular in texture in the later stage. Many men and women suffer from poor self-esteem caused by stretch marks. Medical tattooing of stretch marks, also known as microneedling, can correct the skin pigmentation color in the normal direction, but not the actual...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000526048
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Cosmetic tattooing and medical tattooing of the face share basic principles and to some degree types and spectrum of technical and clinical complications known from decorative tattooing of other parts of the body. Cosmetic tattoos recently have grown exponentially in popularity...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000521481
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... infections, or a previously recognised infection that has expanded into new ecological niche often accompanied by a significant change in pathogenicity. In the wake of these discoveries, the need for stronger infection prevention measures for personal services such as tattooing and cosmetic tattooing...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
10.1159/000450773
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
... Abstract Tattoo colourants are colourful nano- and microparticles, which are practically insoluble and thus permanent once installed in the dermis by the tattooist. Tattoo ink also has soluble ingredients and contaminants. Pigments can distribute via the lymph and possibly also directly...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
10.1159/000450777
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
... Abstract Bacterial infection of tattoos remains a common complication. Pyogenic bacteria can cause infections shortly after the tattoo is made. Severity of infection varies from minor to major, ultimately with life-threatening septicemia. Viral infections may be introduced, i.e. HVB, HVC...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369174
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... Abstract For millennia, peoples around the world have tattooed human skin to communicate various ontological, psychosocial, and sociocultural concepts encompassing beauty, cultural identity, status and position, medicine, and supernatural protection. As a system of knowledge transmission...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369176
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... Abstract This chapter will briefly explain the tools and techniques behind a good tattoo. Beside the fact that the professional tattoo artist needs to have talent for composing and drawing motives - the artistic part of his or her profession - the technical side of the process must also...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369189
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... Abstract Tattooing is getting increasingly popular among the young. However, not everyone is suited to getting tattooed. Indeed, it is not rare for patients with a chronic skin disease or another systemic condition to be eager to get a tattoo. They perceive tattooing as a harmless, risk-free...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369224
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... Abstract The number of pigments that could potentially be used in tattoo inks is vast. However, pigments are generally not manufactured for the purpose of being injected into subepidermal layers of the skin. Assuming 100% bioavailability after injection means that pigments can be imminently...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000370017
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... Abstract The boom in tattooing has been paralleled by more frequent adverse events, which may be localised in the skin or systemic and manifested clinically or latent. Infections, allergic reactions from red-coloured tattoos and papulo-nodular reactions from black tattoos dominate. Mild...