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Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
10.1159/000450811
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
... Abstract Tattoo removal by Q-switched nanosecond laser devices is generally a safe and effective method, albeit a time-consuming one. Despite the newest developments in laser treatment, it is still not possible to remove every tattoo completely and without complications. Incomplete removal...
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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 78
Published: 27 January 2014
10.1159/000355056
EISBN: 978-3-318-02531-6
... the effect on infant health of switching between a range of feeding practices using data from many countries. The results provide quantified estimates of the effect of switching between specific feeding practices such as exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding supplemented with milk liquids, or breastfeeding...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000521483
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract The Q-switched neodymium-yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) laser remains the gold standard method for tattoo removal including cosmetic tattoos. Modern picosecond lasers are referenced to the Nd:YAG laser and essentially do the same job. Persons with cosmetic tattoos in the face...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 42
Published: 18 August 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9789-0
... pulsed irradiation. J Invest Dermatol 1989;92:717-720 5. Polla LL, Margolis RJ, Dover JS, Whitaker D, Murphy GF, Jacques SL, Anderson RR: Melanosomes are a primary target of Q-switched ruby laser irradiation in guinea pig skin. J Invest Dermatol 1987;89:281-286 6. Dover JS, Margolis RJ, Polla LL...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 42
Published: 18 August 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9789-0
...: Modifying the body: motivations for getting tattooed and pierced. Body Image 2007;4:87-95 9. Taylor CR, Anderson RR, Gange RW, Michaud NA, Flotte TJ: Light and electron microscopic analysis of tattoos treated by Q-switched ruby laser. J Invest Dermatol 1991;97:131-136 10. Fujita H, Nishii Y...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
10.1159/000450812
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
... lasers led to scarring. Q-switched lasers with nanosecond (10 -9 ) pulse domains were considered to have revolutionized tattoo treatment, by selectively heating the tattoo particles, while reducing the adverse sequelae to adjacent normal skin. Theoretical considerations of restricting pulse duration...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
...References References 1. Bäumler W, Eibler E, Hohenleutner U: Q-switched laser and tattoo pigments: first results of the chemical and photophysical analysis of 41 compounds. Lasers Surg Med 2000;26:13-21. 2. Bencini PL, Cazzaniga S, Tourlaki A, et al: Removal of tattoos by q-switched...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 42
Published: 18 August 2011
10.1159/000328269
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9789-0
.... The first evidence of tattoo removal attempts was found in Egyptian mummies, dated to have lived 4,000 years BC. Ancient Greek writings describe tattoo removal with salt abrasion or with a paste containing cloves of white garlic mixed with Alexandrian cantharidin. With the advent of Q-switched lasers...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 35
Published: 18 December 2020
10.1159/000509665
EISBN: 978-3-318-06795-8
...) is, however, effective at sub-sensory threshold intensities and can be left switched on without irritating the subject or initiating an unpleasant “onset response.” A number of other sub-threshold waveforms have been introduced into the field of spinal cord stimulation where they have been shown...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 96
Published: 16 March 2012
10.1159/000332235
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9895-8
... Abstract Allergic diseases are characterized by an overreaction characterized by Th2-type cell response, and as a consequence, an IgE-switched B cell immunity. Obviously, type-2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, IL-13) and particularly IL-4 have been identified as potential targets for allergy...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
...References References 1. Haedersdal M, Bech-Thomsen N, Wulf HC: Skin reflectance-guided laser selections for treatment of decorative tattoos. Arch Dermatol 1996;132:403-407. 2. Biesman BS, O'Neil MP, Costner C: Rapid, high-fluence multi-pass q-switched laser treatment of tattoos...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131091
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
... for dry eyes. The characteristics of the procedures aredescribed, classifying them as temporary or permanent and their localization being either on thelevel of the lacrimal puncta or canaliculi. A ‘punctum switch’ graft involves a superficial excisionof a piece of lid margin including the punctum...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 91
Published: 20 January 2006
10.1159/000090277
EISBN: 978-3-318-01266-8
...) the ‘modified Th2’ route (used by allergens from pets)in which the class switch to IgE is often preceded by a switch to IgG4. According to thisworking hypothesis, the choice between these two routes is determined at the level of thegerminal center activity. ...