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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 152
Published: 09 October 2006
10.1159/000096325
EISBN: 978-3-318-01393-1
... Abstract In general way cell swelling evokes and shrinking inhibits exocytosis of proteins andpeptides stored in secretory vesicles from various types of cells. Dynamics of this typeof hormone secretion is indistinguishable from that induced by specific secretagogue.Peculiarities of swelling...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 69
Published: 31 January 2012
10.1159/000329290
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9698-5
...), by cellular accumulation of organic osmolytes (e.g. myoinositol, betaine, phosphorylcholine, taurine) as well as by proteolysis leading to generation of amino acids and glycogenolysis generating glucose phosphate. Following cell swelling, cell volume is restored by ion exit (activation of K + channels...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 152
Published: 09 October 2006
10.1159/000096326
EISBN: 978-3-318-01393-1
... (swelling-induced extracellular space shrinkage and ephaptic interactions)might be responsible for the hyposmolarity effects on brain excitability. Neuronal volumeconstancy in hyponatremia is preserved by the isovolumetric regulation, relying importantlyon organic osmolytes. Changes in cell volume...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 100
Published: 27 May 2014
10.1159/000358619
EISBN: 978-3-318-02195-0
... of C1 (C1r, in particular) such that some activated C1 always circulates and depletes C4. In the hereditary disorder, formation of factor XIIf (factor XII fragment) during attacks of swelling causes C4 levels to drop toward zero, and C2 levels decline. A kinin-like molecule, once thought...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Biologicals
Volume: 132
Published: 08 August 2008
10.1159/000317170
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9596-4
...) and high cell-mediated response to phytohemagglutinin (PHA) measured as wing web swelling. The cutaneous hypersensitivity response to KLH was assessed in KLH immunized and non-immunized birds. Wing thickness was measured at three time points: before the injection and 4 and 24 hours after the injection...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 152
Published: 09 October 2006
10.1159/000096284
EISBN: 978-3-318-01393-1
.... The cell membrane is less permeable to Na + than to K + . The K + exit generates acell-negative potential difference across the cell membrane which drives the exit of anionssuch as Cl - thus decreasing intracellular osmolarity. Upon cell swelling, cells release ionsthrough activation of K + channels...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 152
Published: 09 October 2006
10.1159/000096318
EISBN: 978-3-318-01393-1
... organisms. After cell swelling, the main effectors in the process of regulatory volumedecrease are swelling-activated K + and Cl - channels, a taurine efflux pathway, and KClcotransport. After cell shrinkage, the main effectors in the process of regulatory volumeincrease are Na + /H + exchange, Na + , K...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 21
Published: 27 March 2006
10.1159/000092388
EISBN: 978-3-318-01284-2
... of the common superficial temporal arteries, including the frontaland parietal ramus. Inflammation is often segmental. This may lead to a false-negative histology.The wall swelling is hypoechoic in acute temporal arteritis. It disappears within 2-3weeks with corticosteroid treatment. Sonographers should use 8...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322460
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... of oxidative/nitrosative stress and astrocyte swelling with consequences for signal transduction, neurotransmission, synaptic plasticity and oscillatory networks in the brain, which may finally account for HE symptoms. RNA oxidation Oxidative stress Astrocyte swelling Tyrosine nitration Zinc ...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 152
Published: 09 October 2006
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-01393-1
EISBN: 978-3-318-01393-1
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 24
Published: 28 May 2014
10.1159/000358794
EISBN: 978-3-318-02596-5
... attributed to retention of saliva and are usually accompanied by swelling and pain when a salivary stimulus is applied. Mucoceles can be differentiated into mucus extravasation phenomenon or mucus escape reaction, mucus retention cysts and ranulas. They result from extravasation of saliva...
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475944
EISBN: 978-3-318-06085-0
...What Are the Common Signs and Symptoms of Early Graves' Orbitopathy? Most patients initially notice a change in appearance. This includes redness in the eyes or lids, and swelling or feeling of fullness in one or both upper eyelids, and/or bags under the eyes [ 1...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 4
Published: 05 December 2017
10.1159/000479138
EISBN: 978-3-318-06125-3
..., it carries the risk of blindness. Bruising, swelling, and tenderness are uncommon but should be discussed and are realistic expectations for 1-2 weeks after injections. Blindness, if it occurs, happens almost instantly and manifests as excruciating pain, possibly before any visual disturbances [ 7...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 83
Published: 19 February 2019
10.1159/000492304
EISBN: 978-3-318-06389-9
... patients who have the social habit of tobacco usage and/or drink excessive alcohol should be examined by a specialist to exclude the presence of hypopharyngeal cancer. Late symptoms/signs include neck swelling (uni- or bilateral), dysphagia, odynophagia, otalgia, dysphonia, dyspnoea and stridor. Associated...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/000493235
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
... Abstract In hypotonic hyponatremia, which is the most common form of hyponatremia, clinical manifestations are largely due to brain swelling caused by entry of water into the cells. In acute and severe hyponatremia, dramatic symptoms, such as seizures, acute psychosis, permanent brain damage...
Book
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 123
Published: 14 September 1998
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-00337-6
EISBN: 978-3-318-00337-6
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 195
Published: 22 May 2018
10.1159/000486941
EISBN: 978-3-318-06350-9
... Abstract Nephrotic syndrome is a type of intractable disease caused by a disorder in the kidneys, which produces swelling. Although some patients show rapid improvement and recover completely with conventional treatment, many others experience frequent recurrence (frequently relapsing nephrotic...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 191
Published: 18 September 2017
10.1159/000479259
EISBN: 978-3-318-06117-8
... permeability. This chapter presents a variety of opportunities where innovation is brought into dialysis membranes. It covers the membrane formation from solution, describing different approaches to control the phase inversion process through additives that either swell in the polymer solution or influence...