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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313757
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... Abstract Extracorporeal therapies are able to sustain life through different mechanisms. This approach, called multiple organ support therapy, can in fact obtain blood purification by hemodialysis/hemofiltration to replace kidney function, temperature control, electrolyte and acid-base control...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000527343
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... support (ECLS) as the bridge to transplantation or potentially destination therapies. The number of attempts to generate ECLS devices has resulted in several options with various levels of impact on clinical outcomes. The described ECLS tools could be as simple as devices used for kidney replacement...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000529296
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
..., the lack of organ transplants necessitates finding alternative solutions. Within the last years, several therapies aiming to support liver function have been developed in order to serve as a bridge to liver transplantation or as replacement therapy, allowing regeneration of the injured liver. In those...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516736
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
..., provided that other interventions such as dietetic advice and the addition of oral nutrition supplements failed in supporting age-appropriate growth [ 1, 2 ]. EN is also indicated whenever a liquid diet is used for the treatment of a disease (e.g., metabolic, Crohn’s disease, cows’ milk protein allergy...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000517395
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
.... PN can induce severe adverse effects. The risk is reduced by a meticulous approach, establishment of a multidisciplinary nutrition support team, avoidance of unbalanced or excessive substrate supplies, strict hygiene measures to reduce catheter infections, concomitant minimal enteral feeding...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000517191
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... growth. Standardized feeding protocols are an essential part of nutritional support of preterm infants – they both reduce necrotizing enterocolitis and improve outcomes. Introduction The goals of nutritional support of hospitalized preterm infants have been widely described as providing...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000517556
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
..., advancements in prenatal and neonatal care during the last decades have markedly improved the survival and outcomes of preterm infants, particularly of very and extremely preterm infants, leading to an increased focus on the importance of adequate nutritional support for growth, functional outcomes...
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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 194
Published: 26 April 2018
10.1159/000485634
EISBN: 978-3-318-06307-3
... (RRT) for treating acute renal failure, but the development of technology also gives us devices to support the other systems. The adequacy of any artificial organ support is evaluated by how closely it mimics the flexibility and efficacy of the organ systems it seeks to substitute or support...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 189
Published: 22 December 2016
10.1159/000452076
EISBN: 978-3-318-05929-8
... Abstract Background: With continuing economic development in the developing countries of Southeast Asia, the numbers of dialysis facilities and patients are increasing every year. However, dialysis-related devices tend to be provided with financial support from developed countries...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 42
Published: 29 November 2016
10.1159/000448561
EISBN: 978-3-318-05946-5
... to social support resources, and their relationship with psychosocial well-being. We developed a typology of social networks of older HIV-positive adults and examined if they would be related to receipt of informal assistance, perceptions of support sufficiency, and psychosocial well-being. Data were...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 42
Published: 29 November 2016
10.1159/000448567
EISBN: 978-3-318-05946-5
... to: prevention, education, and outreach; treatment guidelines for older adults with HIV; funding to address the aging of the epidemic; engagement of communities, health and social service organizations, and other providers around mental health and social support, and addressing the needs of special populations...
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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 113
Published: 17 April 2015
10.1159/000360330
EISBN: 978-3-318-02691-7
... energy and nutrient requirements by regular food intake via the normal oral route. It is also indicated whenever a liquid diet is used for the treatment of a disease and when the feeding time is excessively prolonged (>4-6 h/day) [ 1 ]. Suggested criteria for nutritional support are presented in table...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 113
Published: 17 April 2015
10.1159/000375190
EISBN: 978-3-318-02691-7
..., PN should be combined with some (at least minimal) EN. Establishing a multidisciplinary paediatric nutrition support team for the supervision of PN can improve the quality of care and save costs; hence, it is highly recommended [ 1 ]. Ordering and monitoring PN should follow agreed algorithms...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 111
Published: 18 November 2014
10.1159/000362312
EISBN: 978-3-318-02667-2
... Total enteral nutrition Total parenteral nutrition Inflammatory bowel disease Short bowel syndrome Key Messages • When to begin total enteral nutrition (TEN) or total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is based on a patient's nutritional state and disease severity. • Nutrition support...