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Published: 01 April 1970
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-05164-3
EISBN: 978-3-318-05164-3
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Published: 11 August 1981
10.1159/000406160
EISBN: 978-3-318-05135-3
... Abstract (1) In functional squints, it is necessary to assess, in each case, the exact and particular role played by innervational and viscoelastic impairments by carrying out a thorough clinical examination, an electro-oculographic recording and the anesthetic and muscle elongation tests...
Book Chapter
Published: 11 August 1981
10.1159/000406157
EISBN: 978-3-318-05135-3
... Abstract Work carried out by Cüppers has proved that squint deviations are related to the innervational and viscoelastic impairments of the ocular muscles, whose association and degree vary according to each case. The passive duction test is always positive in retraction syndromes...
Book Chapter
Published: 11 August 1981
10.1159/000406158
EISBN: 978-3-318-05135-3
... Abstract Study of the muscle elongation test in 211 patients with convergent squints who have never been operated on previously reveals that about 35 % of cases display abnormal muscle stretching; 48 cases retain a lasting anesthetic angle in spite of a normal elongation test. Particularly...
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475962
EISBN: 978-3-318-06085-0
..., followed by the medial rectus muscle (Fig. 1 ). The other muscles are rarely involved. Due to the restrictive nature of the impairment, the squint angle increases in the opposite direction of gaze of the affected muscle. So if the IRM is involved, the consequence is an impairment of upgaze, and the squint...
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Book
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475960
EISBN: 978-3-318-06085-0
... and ophthalmic clinical picture, surgical rehabilitation can be performed if required. Depending on the severity of the disease, surgical rehabilitation can be more or less extensive, the full treatment consisting of decompression surgery, squint surgery, eyelid lengthening, blepharoplasty and eyebrow plasty...
Book
Book Cover Image
Published: 11 August 1981
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-05135-3
EISBN: 978-3-318-05135-3
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 21 August 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06085-0
... with mild m. rectus inferior fibrosis. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 2015;232:1178-1183. 26. Eckstein A, Schulz S, Esser J: Is combined surgical correction of horizontal and vertical squint of value in Graves' ophthalmopathy? (In German). Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 2004;221:769-775. 27. Esser J...
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Book Cover Image
Series: Fast Facts Collection 2006-2015
Published: 10 August 2015
10.1159/isbn.978-1-908541-86-4
EISBN: 978-1-908541-86-4
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475966
EISBN: 978-3-318-06085-0
... vision. If this is not possible, squint surgery is needed to help patients with stable and inactive GO. However, if double vision is getting worse, this means GO is still active and should be treated by immunosuppressive treatment with intravenous glucocorticoids, other immunosuppressive drugs...
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475963
EISBN: 978-3-318-06085-0
... and squint surgery, if indicated, is very much dependent on correcting any remaining lid deformity satisfactorily. This is often more challenging than the preceding surgery. The most common indication for lid surgery is upper lid retraction with poor cosmesis meriting rehabilitative intervention...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 2
Published: 15 August 2012
10.1159/000337895
EISBN: 978-3-318-02159-2
... retinal can be searched thoroughly for any retinal breaks that were not detected pre-operatively. An effective method of doing this is to plug one port, and use a flat-bladed squint hook to indent the periphery. The combination of a light pipe and a wide-angle viewing system provides a very good view...