1-20 of 4316 Search Results for

solute

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 191
Published: 18 September 2017
10.1159/000479258
EISBN: 978-3-318-06117-8
... Abstract Extracorporeal therapy for end-stage renal disease is now provided to more than three million patients globally. Nearly all treatments are performed with filters containing hollow fiber membranes, removing solutes and water by diffusion, convection, and ultrafiltration. In this review...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 163
Published: 15 June 2009
10.1159/000223775
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9203-1
... Abstract The rate of transport of small solutes across the peritoneal membrane is one of the most important measurements in PD patients. Signifi cant between-patient variability is associated with an impact on small solute clearance, ultrafi ltration and even survival. Cross-sectional...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 163
Published: 15 June 2009
10.1159/000223776
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9203-1
... Abstract Ultrafiltration in peritoneal dialysis occurs through endothelial water channels (free water transport) and together with solutes across small pores: solute coupled water transport. A review is given of cross-sectional studies and on the results of longitudinal follow-up. ...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 163
Published: 15 June 2009
10.1159/000223793
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9203-1
... Abstract Peritoneal dialysis adequacy is monitored primarily by indices of small solute clearance, Kt/V urea and creatinine clearance (C cr ). Once a threshold of adequacy has been obtained, however, increasing small solute clearance does not result in improved long-term outcomes of PD...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 158
Published: 16 August 2007
10.1159/000107232
EISBN: 978-3-318-01494-5
... Abstract Renal replacement therapy performed for end-stage renal disease patients now occursalmost exclusively with hollow-fi ber dialyzers. Because renal replacement therapy utilizingsuch a device requires goals to be set with regard to the rate and extent of solute removal, athorough...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 158
Published: 16 August 2007
10.1159/000107234
EISBN: 978-3-318-01494-5
.... Methods: Clearances of various solutes under online predilution HDF were clinicallyevaluated with fi xed QDtotal (= 520 ml/min) divided into QDnet and QS. Three polysulfonemembrane dialyzers and 5 polyester polymer alloy membrane dialyzers were chosen to measuresieving coeffi cients (SC) for albumin...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 149
Published: 10 May 2005
10.1159/000085418
EISBN: 978-3-318-01222-4
... to reciprocally interfere, producing a finalresult that depends on the prevalence of one or the other mechanism for every specific solute. ...
Book Chapter
Book
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Karger eBooks Non-Series Collection
Published: 14 May 2018
10.1159/000488556
EISBN: 978-3-318-06380-6
...-Heffernan JA, Selgas R, Remon C, Ossorio M, et al: Biocompatible dialysis solutions preserve mesothelial cell and vessel wall integrity. A case-control study on human biopsies. Perit Dial Int 2016;36:129-134. 3. Fan SLS, Pile T, Punzalan S, Raftery MJ, Yaqoob MM: Randomized controlled study...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 186
Published: 14 August 2015
10.1159/000431161
EISBN: 978-3-318-05567-2
... small. Therefore, in this article we discuss the relationship between vessel flap size and the trampoline effect, and then suggest solutions for the trampoline effect. Trampoline Effect Frequency and the Buttonhole Tract Creation Method The Frequency of the Trampoline Effect in Japan and Other...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 178
Published: 30 May 2012
10.1159/000337789
EISBN: 978-3-318-02163-9
... Abstract For many years, lactate has been used successfully as a buffer in peritoneal dialysis solutions although its effectiveness in the correction of uremic acidosis and its biocompatibility on peritoneal resident cells have been questioned. In addition, some investigators have suggested...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 178
Published: 30 May 2012
10.1159/000337784
EISBN: 978-3-318-02163-9
... Abstract 20–70% of peritoneal dialysis patients have some signs of malnutrition. Anorexia, protein and amino acid losses in dialysate, advanced age of elderly patients, inflammation and cardiac failure are among the main causes. Modern dialysis solutions aim to reduce these causes, but none...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 150
Published: 12 May 2006
10.1159/000093508
EISBN: 978-3-318-01347-4
... transcapillary ultrafiltration by a mechanism resembling ‘colloid’ osmosis (with theultrafiltration occurring mainly through the small pores) almost no sieving of solutes isobserved with icodextrin-based solution resulting in increased convective transport andclearance of small solutes. In general, the transport...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 150
Published: 12 May 2006
10.1159/000093516
EISBN: 978-3-318-01347-4
..., acidic solutions, glucose and its degradation products, and the integratedresponse of the cellular-cytokine cascade. Basic and translational research efforts are discussedto highlight our current knowledge in this area and the remaining questions. ...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter