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sodium

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Book Chapter
Book
Series: Progress in Biochemical Pharmacology
Volume: 23
Published: 07 September 1988
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 122
Published: 03 September 2021
10.1159/000514770
EISBN: 978-3-318-06647-0
... steroids, in utero referral to perinatal centers, less invasive surfactant administration), preterm infants may be exposed to less pulmonary morbidity and may not benefit any longer from fluid restriction. A more liberal fluid intake will improve nutrient intake and growth. Sodium requirements may...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 110
Published: 15 April 2014
10.1159/000358461
EISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2
.... This chapter addresses the physiology of postnatal adaptation and other aspects of fluid and electrolyte management (concerning potassium, sodium and chloride) of the preterm infant. ‘Water - the major nutrient' is the title of a review published in 1982 by Bent Friis-Hansen in the Journal...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 172
Published: 01 September 2011
10.1159/000328684
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9795-1
... Abstract Human essential hypertension and rodent genetic hypertension are associated with increased sodium transport in the renal proximal tubule and medullary thick ascending limb of Henle. The proximal tubule, which secretes endothelin (ET), expresses the ET B receptor. Low (nM...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 172
Published: 01 September 2011
10.1159/000328686
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9795-1
... Abstract The thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle reabsorbs 20–30% of filtered sodium chloride (NaCl) and generates the osmotic gradient necessary for water absorption in the distal nephron. It is second only to the collecting duct as a source of renal endothelin (ET)-1, which inhibits...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 172
Published: 01 September 2011
10.1159/000328687
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9795-1
... of the CD cell. A large number of in vitro studies have supported this notion of an autocrine function for ET-1, demonstrating that the peptide, largely through activation of the ET B receptor, inhibits both sodium (Na) and water reabsorption in the CD. The physiologic relevance of these findings has been...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 155
Published: 20 March 2007
10.1159/000101002
EISBN: 978-3-318-01419-8
..., saltsensitivity is based on a pressure-natriuresis mechanism. In this mechanism, neuro-humoralregulation is mainly responsible for sodium handling. In addition, NO has a powerful effect onthe pressure-natriuresis mechanism. Based on this mechanism, progression of chronic kidneydisease is governed by salt uptake...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 154
Published: 20 November 2006
10.1159/000096810
EISBN: 978-3-318-01409-9
... Abstract This paper analyses the evolution of hypochlorite as strong disinfectant. The electrochemicalproduction of hypochloric acid or sodium hypochlorite represents the best methodto obtain a pure product. To have a good production (as quality and quantity), it is necessaryto optimize...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 154
Published: 20 November 2006
10.1159/000096812
EISBN: 978-3-318-01409-9
... Abstract The safety and toxicity of sodium hypochlorite is reviewed with particular correlationto topical use. Since sodium hypochlorite is one of the most widely used chemicals in theenvironment, its safety has been established by long use and toxicity profile. This chapterreviews recent...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 154
Published: 20 November 2006
10.1159/000096815
EISBN: 978-3-318-01409-9
... exposure to commonly used disinfectants. The tensilestrength was then compared between the catheters by analyzing the displacement vs.force (N) curves produced during the evaluation. A total of 44 catheter lumens were evaluated.The electrolytically produced sodium hypochlorite solution, Alcavis 50/ExSept...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 154
Published: 20 November 2006
10.1159/000096817
EISBN: 978-3-318-01409-9
... or loss. Many protocols have been used in order to prevent exit siteinfections and bacteremia. We describe our experience with the use of sodium hypochlorite,an electrolytic chloroxidizer used as a topical disinfectant. It has been shown to be activeagainst a broad spectrum of potential pathogens and has...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 154
Published: 20 November 2006
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-01409-9
EISBN: 978-3-318-01409-9
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 150
Published: 12 May 2006
10.1159/000093509
EISBN: 978-3-318-01347-4
... Abstract Cardiovascular mortality is high in peritoneal dialysis patients.This may be due to the presence of hypertension and fluid overload. Dietary intake of waterand sodium are likely to be important, especially in anuric patients. Methods: A review ofthe literature on assessment of fluid...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series: Clinical & Performance Program
Volume: 9
Published: 27 August 2004
10.1159/000080666
EISBN: 978-3-318-01090-9