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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000359993
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract It was only by chance that French hospital authorities assigned Jean-Martin Charcot to the care of hysterics and epileptics, starting in 1870, at La Salpêtrière Hospital. The famous clinical work that resulted has been the subject of much discussion and, in many cases...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321774
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Abstract From the time he became chef de service at La Salpêtrière Hospital in 1866 until his death in 1893, Jean-Martin Charcot oversaw 32 house officers. Some of them became famous, such as D.M. Bourneville, E. Brissaud, P. Marie and G. Gilles de la Tourette. Others are less well known...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321786
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Abstract In this chapter, we present an analytical and critical inventory of Charcot’s scientific journals. This was undertakenby searching the files at Charcot’s library at the Salpêtrière, the Bibliothèque Nationale de France and a review of literature. One can distinguish four kinds...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000359991
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) rightly is considered the father of both modern neurology and psychiatry in France and much beyond. While he never was interested in mental disease and what was called ‘alienism' at the time, his career at La Salpêtrière Hospital over 30 years was mainly...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000359992
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... neurology and psychology schools. One of these debates was between the Nancy and Salpêtrière schools of neurology at the end of the 19th century, and it was focused around a few cases of crime committed allegedly under hypnosis. In order to understand this particular quarrel, this chapter examines...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321777
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Abstract Several French physicians of the 19th century are considered to be the pioneers of modern neurology, especially Jean-Martin Charcot. Later, the pupils of Charcot – interns at La Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, including Cornil, Bouchard and Bourneville – went on to make great...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321782
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Abstract Jules Bernard Luys (1828–1897) is a relatively unknown figure in 19th century French neuropsychiatry. Although greatly influenced by Jean-Martin Charcot (1825–1893), Luys worked in the shadow of the ‘master of La Salpêtrière’ for about a quarter of a century. When he arrived...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321784
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Abstract Pierre Marie was one of Charcot’s favorite pupils, and had hoped to succeed his great mentor at the Hospice de La Salpêtrière as professor of diseases of the nervous system. Charcot’s friend and collaborator Alfred Vulpian was a senior physician at the Hôpital Bicêtre, a somewhat less...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 27
Published: 01 April 2010
10.1159/000311191
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9331-1
... with the emerging perception of photographs of patients with movement disorders in Vienna’s art scene and intellectual circles. There are reliable indications that Schiele knew the images of diseases published in the ‘Iconographie Photographique de la Salpetriere’ and the later ‘Nouvelle Iconographie de la...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 43
Published: 16 October 2018
10.1159/000490439
EISBN: 978-3-318-06394-3
... of Paul Cézanne shows. Possibly his most well-known painting, Les fascinés de la Charité, service du Dr. Luys , is analysed here by comparison with La Leçon clinique à La Salpêtrière by André Brouillet, which depicts Jean-Martin Charcot and his students. Georges Moreau (1848-1901) was the sole...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
...References References 1. Bannour W: Jean-Martin Charcot et l'hystérie. Paris, Métaillé, 1992, p 256. 2. Bourneville DM, Regnard P: Iconographie photographique de la Salpêtrière, service de M. Charcot. Paris, Aux Bureaux du Progrès Médical, Delahaye, 1877, p 164. 3. Bourneville DM...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 38
Published: 04 April 2016
10.1159/000442595
EISBN: 978-3-318-05606-8
... prior to trepanning by Ernst von Bergmann. Both the war and the Commune had disastrous effects on Paris. Jean-Martin Charcot continued to work intensely through the conflict, caring for numerous patients at La Salpêtrière Hospital according to his son Jean-Baptiste's account, which we've also excerpted...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000359985
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... in promoting his work at Salpêtrière, which for a time was respected throughout the world. [Hysteria] ... symptoms of almost every other disease of the nervous system, since there is scarcely one which may not be simulated by this Protean malady. W. Gowers [ 1 ] While no one has yet framed...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 31
Published: 07 March 2013
10.1159/000343250
EISBN: 978-3-318-02272-8
... of Jean-Martin Charcot at La Salpêtrière, many writers attempted to magnify this neurologist's work in their novels. In this chapter, we will analyze several representative passages written by Jules Clarétie, Camille Lemonnier, Jules Lermina, Octave Mirbeau, Joris-Karl Huysmans, and Gustave Flaubert...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 31
Published: 07 March 2013
10.1159/000343266
EISBN: 978-3-318-02272-8
... Abstract Jean-Martin Charcot, famous professor of the Chair of Clinic for Diseases of the Nervous System at Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, was himself an artist, surrounded by artists, and adored the theater. His close colleague Charles Brown-Séquard was ridiculed by Georges Feydeau in a brief...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321781
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Abstract A key moment in the history of psychiatry occurred during Charcot’s time at La Salpêtriere. Though his studies on hysteria and hypnotism, the founder of neurology inspired the work of two of his alumni: a Viennese Nervenartz and a French philosopher interested in the dissociation...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321783
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Abstract The studies on hysteria and hypnotism probably constitute the most important long-term work of Jean-Martin Charcot and his school, starting around 1870 until Charcot’s death in 1893. Désiré Bourneville, Charcot’s sixth interne at La Salpêtrière , was probably instrumental...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 27
Published: 01 April 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9331-1
...References References 1. Artinger K: Minikunstführer Egon Schiele Cologne, Könemann, 2001; 2. Bégouin P, Sabrazés J: Macrodactylie et microdaclylie. Nouvelle iconographie de la Salpêtrière Paris, 1901;4:305-315 3. Blackshaw G: The pathological body: modernist strategising in Egon...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
...References References 1. Guillain G, Mathieu P: La Salpêtrière. Paris, Masson, 1925; 2. Bonduelle M, Gelfand T, Goetz CG: Charcot un grand médecin dans son siècle. Paris, Éditions Michalon, 1996; 3. Debove M: Éloge de Jean-Martin Charcot. Gazette des hôpitaux civils et militaires...