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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479301
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... to produce any definitive figures on the global prevalence or incidence of root caries. Published studies have reported wide ranges for the prevalence of root caries (25-100%) and the mean Root Caries Index (9.7-38.7). The reported range for annual root caries incidence is also wide, from 10.1 to 40.6...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479303
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract Variations in organic and inorganic composition and morphology may determine different susceptibilities of root surfaces to caries. Subsequent to gingival recession, root surfaces become exposed and those areas where Sharpey's fibers system was once inserted into the cementum...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479304
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract Following gingival recession, which increases with age, the root surface becomes exposed, creating new environments for microbial colonization and biofilm formation. The formation of root surface biofilms is influenced by the availability and composition of saliva and gingival...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479305
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract Similar to coronal caries, root caries results from a disequilibrium of the de-remineralization balance in favor of the demineralization process. It mainly involves a bacterial shift in favor of an increase in the proportion of acidogenic and aciduric bacteria. This process permanently...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479306
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract Root surfaces, which with increasing age become exposed to dental biofilms, will react to the intermittent pH fluctuations at the interface between the biofilm and the cementum/dentin surface. If dental biofilm is left undisturbed in stagnation sites in the dentition, the underlying...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479343
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract Patients' susceptibility to coronal and root caries (RC) is modulated by a range of biological, environmental, social, psychological, and behavior-related factors. These factors, considered either in isolation or combined into specific models, contribute to the overall patient...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479346
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract Despite certain similarities in the etiology of root caries (RC) and coronal caries, there are notable differences in their histology, namely with regard to the demineralization process, which should be taken into consideration when assessing lesion activity. In this chapter, we...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479347
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract The early detection of root caries is essential for the implementation of appropriate preventive therapeutic regimes. Subsequent monitoring of lesions is required to determine the outcomes of such therapies. While much research activity has been seen in the detection and monitoring...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479349
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract Root caries lesions (RCLs) are highly prevalent in elderly and can negatively impact the quality of life. Therefore, preventive therapies should be applied to control or to arrest RCLs. This chapter will discuss the application of fluoride, a conventional preventive therapy, to control...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479352
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract The prevalence of root caries among the elderly is increasing. The lesion shape can vary considerably from a broad shallow saucer-shape to a deeper defined cavity. The variety of shapes poses a series of complications when considering restorative management. This is accompanied...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/000479353
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
... Abstract This chapter describes the clinical performance of restorations placed in root caries lesions. The prevalence of root caries and other types of cervical lesions, caused by abfraction, erosion, and abrasion (non-carious cervical lesions) are high, mainly in the elderly; and therefore...
Book
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Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 26
Published: 16 October 2017
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06113-0
EISBN: 978-3-318-06113-0
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 29
Published: 09 September 2015
10.1159/000434673
EISBN: 978-3-318-02809-6
... Abstract Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) stimulation has recently emerged as a new neuromodulation modality that stays on the intersection of the peripheral and central nervous system. With DRG location within the spinal column and with electrodes for DRG stimulation placed through the intraspinal...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 24
Published: 24 March 2011
10.1159/000323050
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9489-9
... Abstract Spinal nerve root stimulation (SNRS) is a neuromodulation technique that is used to treat chronic pain. This modality places stimulator electrode array(s) along the spinal nerve roots, creating stimulation paresthesias within the distribution of the target nerve root(s), thereby...
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