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retinopathy

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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000485292
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... of OCTA in the identification of choroidal melanoma is mainly to determine changes in parafoveal microvasculature (capillary vascular density; CVD) rather than visualization of intratumoral vascularity, it is highly valuable in the early detection and management of radiation retinopathy. Through OCTA...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000485300
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a non-invasive, rapid, and 3-dimensional evaluation of retinal vasculature well-suited for the evaluation of the microvasculopathy of diabetes. It visualizes the key clinical features of diabetic retinopathy (DR), including...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000485308
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract With the rapid change in lifestyle in modern society, diabetes has become a major health problem all around the world. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of visual impairment in working-age adults worldwide. The most common early clinically visible manifestations of DR...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 27
Published: 18 June 2019
10.1159/000486262
EISBN: 978-3-318-06507-7
... Abstract Based on recent meta-analyses, 0.8 million people out of overall globally 32.4 million blind individuals and 3.7 million people out of 191 million moderately to severely visually impaired (MSVI) individuals were blind and visually impaired due to diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the year...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 27
Published: 18 June 2019
10.1159/000486435
EISBN: 978-3-318-06507-7
... Abstract Patients with diabetes may have retinopathy changes that carry an increased risk for cerebrovascular disease. Even patients without an established diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and hyperglycaemia may have retinopathy changes, which also indicate increased cerebrovascular risk. Due...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 27
Published: 18 June 2019
10.1159/000486264
EISBN: 978-3-318-06507-7
... Abstract Diabetes can cause a range of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Of these, retinopathy is the most common microvascular complication, while coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of macrovascular complication. The interplay between these 2 complications...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 27
Published: 18 June 2019
10.1159/000486265
EISBN: 978-3-318-06507-7
... of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and is also the leading cause of visual loss in working-age adults worldwide. In this chapter, we examine the association between diabetes, CKD (both diabetic nephropathy [DN] and non-diabetic renal disease [NDRD]), with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and visual loss. DN and DR...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 27
Published: 18 June 2019
10.1159/000486266
EISBN: 978-3-318-06507-7
... Abstract It has consistently been demonstrated that patients with diabetes have a higher mortality, which is mainly caused by cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. There is a close correlation between micro- and macrovascular disease in diabetes. Given that diabetic retinopathy (DR...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 27
Published: 18 June 2019
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06507-7
EISBN: 978-3-318-06507-7
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 10
Published: 23 May 2018
10.1159/000487414
EISBN: 978-3-318-06356-1
... Abstract The abnormalities seen in diabetic retinopathy (DR) can be split into three categories: findings resulting from structural retinal neurodegeneration, findings resulting from leaking microvasculature, and findings resulting from microvascular alterations with ischemia. Noninvasive...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 9
Published: 07 June 2017
10.1159/000471836
EISBN: 978-3-318-06068-3
... Abstract The management of diabetic retinopathy (DR) has significantly improved over the past decade. New imaging techniques along with more appropriate and tailored treatments have been introduced in an attempt to simplify the diagnostic and therapeutic pathways of patients affected by DR...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 60
Published: 24 April 2017
10.1159/000459699
EISBN: 978-3-318-06042-3
... Abstract For decades, panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) has been the standard of care for the treatment of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). The relatively recent advent of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) formulations for intravitreal injection has provided a fresh...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 60
Published: 24 April 2017
10.1159/000460275
EISBN: 978-3-318-06042-3
... Abstract Vitreomacular traction (VMT) is one of many possible factors involved in the etiology of diabetic macular edema (DME). Pharmacologic vitreoretinal separation is a potential alternative to vitrectomy for VMT in diabetic retinopathy. Small case series have been published on the use...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 60
Published: 24 April 2017
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06042-3
EISBN: 978-3-318-06042-3
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 56
Published: 21 March 2016
10.1159/000442801
EISBN: 978-3-318-05830-7
... Abstract Purpose: To describe the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) features of diabetic retinopathy. Methods: Literature review and case series. Results: Four cases are presented. Conclusion: OCTA is an effective method for evaluating retinal changes in diabetic...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 31
Published: 27 January 2016
10.1159/000439391
EISBN: 978-3-318-05639-6
... Abstract Although diabetic retinopathy (DR) remains a leading cause of vision loss, the last decade has brought significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of this common complication of diabetes mellitus. First, optical coherence tomography allows for noninvasive imaging of the retina...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 55
Published: 27 October 2015
10.1159/000438970
EISBN: 978-3-318-05565-8
... Abstract Diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema result from chronic damage to the neurovascular structures of the retina. The pathophysiology of retinal damage remains uncertain but includes metabolic and neuroinflammatory insults. These mechanisms are addressed by intensive metabolic...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 54
Published: 27 August 2014
10.1159/000360467
EISBN: 978-3-318-02661-0
... Abstract Current indications for pars plana vitrectomy in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) include vitreous hemorrhage, tractional retinal detachment (TRD), combined tractional and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (CTRRD), diabetic macular edema associated with posterior...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 54
Published: 27 August 2014
10.1159/000360470
EISBN: 978-3-318-02661-0
... Abstract The surgical treatment and management of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has evolved significantly over the last decade. The introduction of new techniques, instrumentation, and surgical adjuvants has added to the repertoire of options vitreoretinal surgeons have to treat complex...