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Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 75
Published: 14 October 2013
10.1159/000350597
EISBN: 978-3-318-02386-2
... auditory brainstem response (ABR) and bone-conduction auditory steady-state response (ASSR) for differentiating conductive hearing loss from sensorineural hearing loss. Detailed Examinations of Auditory Ability in Newborns The following detailed examinations should be combined, as appropriate...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 30
Published: 08 March 2022
10.1159/000520784
EISBN: 978-3-318-06913-6
... Abstract Dental caries is a bacteria-mediated disease that inherently triggers a response from the host. The impact of this response is discussed in this chapter with a focus on genes involved in either the innate or the adaptive immune system. Since erosive tooth wear involves losses...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 30
Published: 08 March 2022
10.1159/000520787
EISBN: 978-3-318-06913-6
... or carbodiimide, use of cross-linking agents of natural origin, such as type I collagen or anthocyanidins, and biomimetic remineralization with the use of amorphous calcium phosphate nanoprecursors [ 12 ]. All these strategies are promising, and future work should assess variation in individual responses...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510186
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract The present narrative review provides a summary of the temporal and spatial reactions of the oral microbiome to the placement of a dental implant into the oral cavity, depicting the most important interactions between the oral microbiota and the host response involved...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 43
Published: 04 May 2020
10.1159/000504491
EISBN: 978-3-318-06678-4
... as well as psychological stress are associated with poor antibody response and a higher range of inflammation markers. Chronic inflammatory processes like rheumatoid arthritis also alter the immune system. In addition, geriatric syndromes and lowered functional status have implications for the vaccination...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Tumor Research
Volume: 44
Published: 07 May 2018
10.1159/000486985
EISBN: 978-3-318-06362-2
...-known imaging biomarker. Volumetric measurements also remain the basis for the evaluation of tumor response according to the RECIST-criteria. However, size is a biomarker reflecting the final part of a biological response, i.e., for a size reduction tumor cells must have died and been removed from...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Tumor Research
Volume: 44
Published: 07 May 2018
10.1159/000486987
EISBN: 978-3-318-06362-2
... that are related to individual radiosensitivity, ventilation, and perfusion. Dual-energy CT imaging holds promise for the future for characterization of both tumor and normal tissues. The assessment of response after radiotherapy on the basis of CT scans remains difficult because of inflammatory and fibrotic...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 77
Published: 29 April 2016
10.1159/000441864
EISBN: 978-3-318-05651-8
... of elderly patients suffering from dizziness is increasing. Here, we evaluated the relationship between canal paralysis and symptoms at the first medical examination and age-related changes in caloric response, and obtained the following 3 main findings: (a) 41.3% of the patients with canal paralysis...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 56
Published: 21 March 2016
10.1159/000442782
EISBN: 978-3-318-05830-7
... a dramatic shutdown of CNV flow during the initial 2 weeks after antiangiogenic injection, followed by the reappearance of channels at 4 weeks and the reaccumulation of fluids at 6 weeks. To our knowledge, this is the first known short-interval dynamic analysis of the CNV treatment response using OCTA...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381598
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... revolutionized the treatment of CD, these drugs are very expensive and are associated with increased risks of melanoma, opportunistic infections, and lymphoma. In this review, we discuss the clinical predictors of the anti-TNF treatment response in CD patients. Current data suggest that a shorter disease...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 34
Published: 09 July 2015
10.1159/000381602
EISBN: 978-3-318-05474-3
... forward to identify predictors of the treatment response to anti-TNF therapy in order to deliver personalized care. Identifying predictors involves a wide repertoire of genetic, epigenetic, and clinical events, as well as pharmacokinetics. Along with rapidly progressing experimental studies aiming...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 23
Published: 15 September 2014
10.1159/000362475
EISBN: 978-3-318-02700-6
... Abstract Patients with diabetes differ in how their diabetes responds to treatment. Some individuals can have a marked glycaemic response; others have a poor response. Some have adverse drug reactions (e.g. hypoglycaemia with sulphonylureas, or diarrhoea with metformin), others do not. Diabetes...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 29
Published: 23 May 2014
10.1159/000358814
EISBN: 978-3-318-02600-9
...-mass spectrometry (MS), liquid chromatography-MS and nuclear magnetic resonance. Recent research results have suggested that several classes of physiological biomarkers, including amino acids, fatty acid and glycometabolism, might be useful for predicting depression and the response to antidepressants...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 77
Published: 30 September 2013
10.1159/000351393
EISBN: 978-3-318-02447-0
... those of the n-3 series, may change membrane composition thus affecting membrane order, intracellular signaling processes, and gene expression. As a consequence, changes in the production of both lipid and peptide mediators influencing the individual adaptive responses take place. More than that of all...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 75
Published: 15 August 2013
10.1159/000345813
EISBN: 978-3-318-02333-6
... of training adaptation is how nutrient availability can alter the regulation of many contraction-induced events in muscle in response to endurance exercise. Acutely manipulating substrate availability can exert profound effects on muscle energy stores and patterns of fuel metabolism during exercise, as well...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 75
Published: 15 August 2013
10.1159/000345862
EISBN: 978-3-318-02333-6
... Abstract Nutrition plays a key role in allowing the numerous training hours to be translated into useful adaptive responses of various tissues in the individual athlete. Research over the last decade has shown many examples of the impact of dietary interventions to modulate the skeletal muscle...
Book Chapter
Series: Issues in Infectious Diseases
Volume: 7
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000348759
EISBN: 978-3-318-02399-2
... immune response of humans and animals is capable of clearing infection, or at least controlling it asymptomatically at a level below that detectable with current diagnostic assays. Aggressive chlamydia screening and treatment programs appear to be counterproductive for reducing the incidence of disease...