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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 31
Published: 19 July 2023
10.1159/000530564
EISBN: 978-3-318-07166-5
... with teeth resulting in local fluoride reservoirs that release the ion for weeks/months; and (4) combinations of these approaches, such as the concomitant use of fluoridated water and toothpaste, or the use of professional fluorides in caries-active patients. In conclusion, this chapter reviews the different...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 41
Published: 23 May 2008
10.1159/000131095
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8377-0
... of the patient’s clothes were used, but were oftencomplicated by infection. A new option is the implantable pump dacryoreservoir. Materialand Methods: In 21 patients with a Schirmer test without anaesthesia of <2mm in 5 min, aMedtronic 60-ml reservoir was implanted into a pocket under the subcutaneous tissues...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 7
Published: 09 September 2019
10.1159/000500381
EISBN: 978-3-318-06540-4
... or by contact with an environment contaminated with leptospires. Infected reservoir animals carry the pathogen in their renal tubules and shed it in their urine. Although many wild and domestic animals can serve as reservoir hosts, Rattus norvegicus is the most important source of human infections in many...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 183
Published: 16 May 2014
10.1159/000360113
EISBN: 978-3-318-02651-1
... that the podocyte serves as a reservoir for the virus and podocyte dysfunction is a direct result of specific viral protein expression. The viral protein, nef , directly activates several signaling pathways, resulting in podocyte dedifferentiation and proliferation. Today, with the widespread use of antiretroviral...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350590
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... concentrations for hours. Both experiment and mathematical modelling suggest that the soft tissues are the main oral reservoir for fluoride. Qualitatively similar observations have been made for anti-plaque agents such as triclosan and metal cations, though their oral substantivity is generally greater. Scope...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 7
Published: 09 September 2019
10.1159/000500388
EISBN: 978-3-318-06540-4
... Abstract Leptospirosis is a worldwide neglected zoonosis caused by the bacterium Leptospira interrogan s. These spirochetes are widespread pathogens able to infect virtually all vertebrates. They may colonize the kidneys of their hosts, as in rodents, which are a common, asymptomatic reservoir...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 32
Published: 23 July 2018
10.1159/000469688
EISBN: 978-3-318-06063-8
...-modifying preparations, and angiogenesis inhibitors has been investigated widely. Various modes of their administration were introduced, including intratumoral injections, implantation of reservoirs or pumps, convection-enhanced delivery, and use of nanocarriers, thermoreversible gels, microchips, and drug...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 28
Published: 11 June 2015
10.1159/000380991
EISBN: 978-3-318-05467-5
... Abstract Bone serves three main physiological functions: its mechanical nature provides support for locomotion and offers protection to vulnerable internal organs, it forms a reservoir for the storage of calcium and phosphate in the body, and it provides an environment for bone marrow...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 23
Published: 19 June 2013
10.1159/000350479
EISBN: 978-3-318-02207-0
... of disturbed biofilm, its reaction with the dental substrate to form loosely bound reservoirs as well as the ultimate reduction of mineral loss and increase in mineral and fluoride content of caries lesions. The specifics of these modes of action and their application in in vitro, in situ and in vivo...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Biologicals
Volume: 135
Published: 18 April 2013
10.1159/000178459
EISBN: 978-3-318-02366-4
... knowledge in the areas of epidemiology and evolution limit the possibilities to control the disease. Recurrent infection of poultry and wild birds allows the maintenance of a reservoir for the viruses; however, the role of wild birds and poultry in vNDV evolution is largely unknown. In the area...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Biologicals
Volume: 135
Published: 18 April 2013
10.1159/000190049
EISBN: 978-3-318-02366-4
... Abstract Ebola viruses are zoonotic pathogens with the potential of causing severe viral hemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates. Bats have been identified as a reservoir for Ebola viruses but it remains unclear if transmission to an end host involves intermediate hosts. Recently, one...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Biologicals
Volume: 135
Published: 18 April 2013
10.1159/000178495
EISBN: 978-3-318-02366-4
... Abstract Ebola viruses (EBOV; genus Ebolavirus , family Filoviridae ) cause often fatal, hemorrhagic fever in several species of simian primates including human. While fruit bats are considered a natural reservoir, the involvement of other species in the EBOV transmission cycle is unclear...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 50
Published: 20 April 2012
10.1159/000334780
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9938-2
... Abstract The Ex-PRESS Mini-Glaucoma Device is a glaucoma drainage device used to shunt aqueous from the anterior chamber into a subconjunctival reservoir that is created surgically. It has been used successfully over the last decade with approximately 60,000 implantations worldwide. In an ever...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 169
Published: 14 January 2011
10.1159/000313943
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9538-4
... of evidence has recently suggested that parietal epithelial cells represent a reservoir of renal progenitors in adult human kidney which generate novel podocytes during childhood and adolescence, and can regenerate injured podocytes. The discovery that parietal epithelial cells represent a potential source...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 169
Published: 14 January 2011
10.1159/000315483
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9538-4
... tissue damage, thus delaying and, in some instances, completely stopping progression to end-stage renal disease, and facilitating repair. The ability of the body to maintain renal homeostasis indicates that a reservoir of cells should exist somewhere in the body to support normal turnover of glomerular...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 67
Published: 25 November 2009
10.1159/000262594
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9287-1
... delivery through diffusion from a reservoir were all shown to be feasible. Conclusion: An extensive programme focussed on minimizing hearing loss through device optimization and the development of new technologies has yielded positive results and new concepts for further development and clinical...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 6
Published: 27 August 2009
10.1159/000235764
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9193-5
..., such as Salmonella and Escherichia coli, H. pylori is notable in its lack of an environmental reservoir outside of human and other primate stomachs, suggesting that between-host survival is a relatively weak determinant of selection pressures [14, 15]. Given that H. pylori exist largely as distinct host...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 6
Published: 27 August 2009
10.1159/000235769
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9193-5
... Abstract The α-proteobacterial genus Bartonella comprises numerous arthropod-borne pathogens that share a common host-restricted life-style, which is characterized by long-lasting intraerythrocytic infections in their specific mammalian reservoirs and transmission by blood-sucking arthropods...