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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 31
Published: 19 July 2023
10.1159/000530613
EISBN: 978-3-318-07166-5
... Abstract Although the discussion about the amount of carious dentin to be removed during cavity preparation is quite old, concepts for caries removal have evolved and changed considerably over the last decades. The antiquate understanding that it was necessary to eliminate the microbial...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000521483
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract The Q-switched neodymium-yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) laser remains the gold standard method for tattoo removal including cosmetic tattoos. Modern picosecond lasers are referenced to the Nd:YAG laser and essentially do the same job. Persons with cosmetic tattoos in the face...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 56
Published: 05 July 2023
10.1159/000521487
EISBN: 978-3-318-07040-8
... Abstract Alternatives or complements to laser tattoo removal are needed. Laser removal requires 8–12 sessions and can easily take longer than a year. Some colors cannot be removed, and scars may appear. Applied to allergic reactions in red tattoos, lasers can boost the allergy. A recently...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510202
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract The intraoral biofilm requires mechanical removal due to its physical properties. When exposed to the biofilm, interdental areas need special devices to be used. The most effective ones and the first choice are interdental brushes. However, they may not be adequate in the case of very...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510187
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
..., the focus of periodontal treatment was on the removal of the supposed cause of periodontal disease, the supra- and supragingival calculus and “infected” root cementum. The findings on the importance of biofilm<A51_FootRef>1</A51_FootRef> (plaque) and the endogenous responses to biofilm...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 27
Published: 24 September 2018
10.1159/000487838
EISBN: 978-3-318-06369-1
... Abstract Describing and quantifying how much carious tissue should be removed prior to placing a restoration has been a long-debated issue stretching back as far as G.V. Black's “complete caries removal,” now known as non-selective carious tissue removal. Originating in the 1960s and 1970s...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 27
Published: 24 September 2018
10.1159/000487839
EISBN: 978-3-318-06369-1
... and not the bacteria present in infected dentine. Daily removal or disruption of this biofilm by brushing with a fluoridated toothpaste will slow down the carious process or even bring it to a halt. A prerequisite for adequate removal of the biofilm from within a cavity, however, is the cavity's level of accessibility...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 27
Published: 24 September 2018
10.1159/000487842
EISBN: 978-3-318-06369-1
... been based around the clinical consequences of the disease: soft, leathery, firm and hard dentine. The 3 main carious tissue removal options are described as: (1) selective removal of carious tissue (to both soft and firm dentine), (2) stepwise removal, and (3) non-selective removal to hard dentine...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 27
Published: 24 September 2018
10.1159/000487843
EISBN: 978-3-318-06369-1
... Abstract Non-cleansable carious lesions where sealing is no longer an option should be restored in the vast majority of cases. Prior to restoring the cavity, carious tissue removal is performed, mainly to increase the longevity of the restoration. Such removal, however, should not be conducted...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 191
Published: 18 September 2017
10.1159/000479266
EISBN: 978-3-318-06117-8
... and undebatable reduction of mortality in HD patients. Despite the real effect on the removal of selected toxins, little is known about the influence of modern HD techniques on the global removal of uremic toxins. Mostly explained by a lack of knowledge and selective assays, LMM removal is not evaluated...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
10.1159/000450811
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
... Abstract Tattoo removal by Q-switched nanosecond laser devices is generally a safe and effective method, albeit a time-consuming one. Despite the newest developments in laser treatment, it is still not possible to remove every tattoo completely and without complications. Incomplete removal...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
10.1159/000450812
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
... Abstract Early methods of tattoo removal ultimately resulted in unacceptable cosmetic outcomes. While the introduction of laser technology was an improvement over the existing chemical, mechanical, and surgical procedures, the use of nonselective tattoo removal with carbon dioxide and argon...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
10.1159/000450813
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
... Abstract Studies of satisfaction with tattoo removal outcomes by laser, rated by clients themselves, including qualitative aspects, are sparse. We studied long-term results and client satisfaction with tattoo removal by Q-switched YAG laser. Client satisfaction is influenced by numerous factors...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 52
Published: 15 March 2017
10.1159/000452966
EISBN: 978-3-318-05978-6
... nonresponsive to topical corticoid and best treated with dermatome shaving with complete removal of the hapten concentrated in the outer dermis. Laser treatment of allergic reactions can boost the allergy with worsening and a potential risk of anaphylaxis and is thus not recommended in tattoo allergy. Chronic...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 186
Published: 14 August 2015
10.1159/000431166
EISBN: 978-3-318-05567-2
... Abstract Background: Scab removal is a time-consuming process and often injures the skin at a buttonhole entry site. Incomplete removal of scabs may cause access-related infection. Methods: In a new procedure, buttonhole entry sites were treated with a moist healing step after...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 48
Published: 24 March 2015
10.1159/000369191
EISBN: 978-3-318-02777-8
... Abstract Laser tattoo removal uses the physical properties of photoselective thermolysis in order to remove tattoo pigment. The technique has gradually improved over the years with the development of Q-switched lasers, with overall good results and a relatively low degree of adverse effects...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 4
Published: 27 February 2014
10.1159/000355971
EISBN: 978-3-318-02564-4
... Abstract The presence of ganglion cell axons in the context of surgically removed idiopathic epiretinal membranes (ERMs) was reported recently in the literature. In this prospective observational study, we used spectral domain-optical coherence tomography to investigate the change in ganglion...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 75
Published: 14 October 2013
10.1159/000350981
EISBN: 978-3-318-02386-2
... Hair removal may become necessary after achieving the shape and function of the ear via auricle reconstruction using costal cartilage and auricle elevation with tympanoplasty. Hair removal results in a more natural and good-looking ear because the ear is exposed and is not originally a site...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 42
Published: 18 August 2011
10.1159/000328269
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9789-0
... Abstract Over 50,000 new tattoos are placed each year in the United States. Studies estimate that 24% of American college students have tattoos and 10% of male American adults have a tattoo. The rising popularity of tattoos has spurred a corresponding increase in tattoo removal. Not all tattoos...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 42
Published: 18 August 2011
10.1159/000328272
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9789-0
... Abstract Hair removal with optical devices has become a popular mainstream treatment that today is considered the most efficient method for the reduction of unwanted hair. Photothermal destruction of hair follicles constitutes the fundamental concept of hair removal with red and near-infrared...