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Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 14
Published: 28 February 1995
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03682-4
EISBN: 978-3-318-03682-4
Book
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 31
Published: 19 July 2023
10.1159/000530614
EISBN: 978-3-318-07166-5
... Abstract Dental caries is the most prevalent oral health disease and affects the health of individual and populations. The conventional disease metrics do not represent the impact of caries on people’s lives. Oral-health-related quality of life measures were developed to help understand which...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 199
Published: 17 December 2021
10.1159/000517702
EISBN: 978-3-318-06937-2
... exclusively affects individuals of African descent with advanced HIV disease. People living with HIV are also at risk for immune-complex kidney diseases, antiretroviral nephrotoxicity, and kidney disease due to co-infections and comorbidities. Challenges: The burden of HIV-related kidney disease...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 199
Published: 17 December 2021
10.1159/000517699
EISBN: 978-3-318-06937-2
... Abstract Clinical Background: Nephrotoxic acute kidney injury or toxin-related acute kidney injury (ToxAKI) is a relevant and relatively common category of kidney damage. Exogenous toxins and venomous animals with epidemiologic variations across the world are some nephrotoxic agents...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 199
Published: 17 December 2021
10.1159/000517708
EISBN: 978-3-318-06937-2
... organs. As the proportion of older people in the general population is steadily increasing worldwide, the increase in the number of elderly individuals will inevitably lead to more frequent diagnoses of age-related renal impairment. In this chapter, we will review the epidemiology of aging...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 95
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000511509
EISBN: 978-3-318-06866-5
... Abstract Over the past decades, Brazil has faced important challenges regarding the nutrition of toddlers. Changes in dietary intake and feeding habits switched the scenario from undernutrition to increased rates of overweight and obesity. Determinants related to that issue involve...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000485295
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract Dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is characterized by changes in the outer retina, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), and choroid. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has proven instrumental in analyzing these changes and further understanding the pathogenesis...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000485296
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of central vision loss in developed nations and its prevalence has been progressively increasing over the years. Although many factors have been shown to be involved in AMD pathogenesis, it is well established...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000485299
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract Early detection of neovascular age-related macular degeneration is vitally important so that treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors can be initiated as soon as symptomatic exudation arises. Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000504924
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of visual impairment in adults over the age of 55 years in industrialized countries. The intermediate stage of AMD is defined by the presence of large drusen and/or AMD pigmentary abnormalities on funduscopic examination...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 29
Published: 31 August 2020
10.1159/000506555
EISBN: 978-3-318-06734-7
... and pathophysiology. The saga of glucagon and glucagon-related peptides is briefly reviewed here. The Discovery of Glucagon In 1921, when Banting and Best tested their first pancreatic extracts in depancreatized dogs, they noticed that a mild but reproducible hyperglycemia preceded the hoped-for hypoglycemic...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 43
Published: 04 May 2020
10.1159/000504479
EISBN: 978-3-318-06678-4
... Abstract Older people have reduced immune responses to infection and vaccination. B cell activation is key for the efficacy of the vaccine response, but there are several age-related changes in B cells which may contribute to the loss of vaccine efficacy. Different subpopulations of B cells...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 92
Published: 14 January 2020
10.1159/000499557
EISBN: 978-3-318-06528-2
... research into the effectiveness, impact, and implementation potential of evidence-informed nutrition education models. There has also been an increase in cross border information exchange, shared learning, and adoption of collaborations as well as consensus on best practices in healthcare-related nutrition...
Book
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 196
Published: 09 August 2018
10.1159/000485713
EISBN: 978-3-318-06298-4
..., patients are released from bag exchange for PD, defined as a PD holiday. The effectiveness of combined PD + HD therapy for solute clearance and fluid management has been recognized, but only a few reports have considered whether combined PD + HD therapy improves health-related quality of life (HRQOL...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 196
Published: 09 August 2018
10.1159/000485716
EISBN: 978-3-318-06298-4
... Abstract Background: Peritonitis is one of the most frequent reasons for withdrawal of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although most cases of PD-related peritonitis can be treated with antibiotics, it is occasionally refractory and culture-negative. Summary: The causes of refractory PD...
Book Chapter