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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 195
Published: 22 May 2018
10.1159/000486934
EISBN: 978-3-318-06350-9
... intake has a beneficial effect on muscle mass has not been demonstrated. In this study, we investigated an association between changes of normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), as a proxy for protein intake and percent creatinine generation rate (%CGR), as a proxy for muscle mass in patients receiving...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 43
Published: 22 August 2006
10.1159/000095401
EISBN: 978-3-318-01381-8
... Abstract Several cohort studies have shown that increasing heart rate (HR) is a predictor of cardiovascularmortality in apparently healthy subjects, independent of several other potentialcoronary risk factors. Increased resting HR is also a well-known negative prognostic sign inpatients...
Book Chapter
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Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 43
Published: 22 August 2006
10.1159/000095404
EISBN: 978-3-318-01381-8
... Abstract Heart rate reduction is becoming a new strategy to treat coronary patients. The developmentof heart-rate-lowering drugs, with a more specific activity than Β-blockers, coincideswith the detection of the sinoatrial pacemaker I f current. The first selective I f inhibitor thathas been...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 43
Published: 22 August 2006
10.1159/000095405
EISBN: 978-3-318-01381-8
... Abstract Heart rate is a major determinant of myocardial oxygen consumption. There is ampleevidence of an association between high heart rate and poor outcome in numerous clinicalsettings. Experimental studies in monkeys have shown a link between increased heart rateand development...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 43
Published: 22 August 2006
10.1159/000095428
EISBN: 978-3-318-01381-8
... Abstract Heart rate slowing is generally accepted as effective for angina prevention but thisapproach has not been rigorously evaluated as no pure heart rate slowing treatment has beenavailable. With the identification of the I f current, the primary modulator of heart rate, and useof...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 43
Published: 22 August 2006
10.1159/000095429
EISBN: 978-3-318-01381-8
... and decreases myocardial perfusion. Β-Blockers are effective at reducing anginalsymptoms largely by decreasing heart rate. Physician use and patient compliance may be limitedby the side effects of Β-blockers which include fatigue, depression and sexual dysfunction.Heart rate reduction can also be obtained...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 43
Published: 22 August 2006
10.1159/000095431
EISBN: 978-3-318-01381-8
... Abstract Heart failure is a major health problem, and is one of the few cardiovascular diseasesthat increased its prevalence over the last decade. Increased heart rate, generally observed inpatients with heart failure, is involved in the deterioration of cardiac pump function.However...
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Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 43
Published: 22 August 2006
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-01381-8
EISBN: 978-3-318-01381-8
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