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Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 21
Published: 11 December 2017
10.1159/000481326
EISBN: 978-3-318-06123-9
... but may also apply to children at older ages. In pediatric epidemiological research, it is thus customary to obtain proxy-reports rather than self-reports, most often from parents or explicitly from the mother. This chapter describes important aspects of proxy-reports that should be considered...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 42
Published: 06 December 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06089-8
...: as intriguing as the syndromes themselves. Prog Brain Res 2013;206:123-141. 5. Bernard J, Najean Y, Alby N, Rain JD: Hypochromic anemias due to voluntarily induced hemorrhages. Lasthénie de Ferjol's syndrome. Presse Med 1967;75:2087-2090. 6. Meadow R: Munchausen syndrome by proxy. The hinterland...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 42
Published: 06 December 2017
10.1159/000475682
EISBN: 978-3-318-06089-8
.... In 1977, the term “Munchausen's syndrome by proxy” was coined to define a situation where a person produces false symptoms in another one, especially a child. This term was extended to similar interactions between human and pets. Because varied conditions have been included in the definition...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 195
Published: 22 May 2018
10.1159/000486934
EISBN: 978-3-318-06350-9
... intake has a beneficial effect on muscle mass has not been demonstrated. In this study, we investigated an association between changes of normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), as a proxy for protein intake and percent creatinine generation rate (%CGR), as a proxy for muscle mass in patients receiving...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 21
Published: 11 December 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06123-9
...References References 1. Pickard AS, Knight SJ: Proxy evaluation of health-related quality of life: a conceptual framework for understanding multiple proxy perspectives. Med Care 2005;43:493-499. 2. Golding J, Jones R: Sources of data for a longitudinal birth cohort. Paediatr Perinat...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 93
Published: 26 February 2020
10.1159/000503315
EISBN: 978-3-318-06649-4
... used as a proxy for micronutrient malnutrition; yet anemia, like stunting, has a complex etiology and numerous nonnutritional as well as nutritional causes. Undernutrition, specifically stunting, wasting, and micronutrient deficiency increasingly coexist with overweight, but accurate data to assess...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 89
Published: 06 August 2018
10.1159/000486488
EISBN: 978-3-318-06352-3
... Abstract Nutritional influences on human growth are commonly assessed as weight or length/height outcomes, and adequacy is determined by reference to population-based growth charts. These approaches estimate gross effects only and are insensitive proxies for the dynamic processes by which...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 21
Published: 11 December 2017
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-06123-9
EISBN: 978-3-318-06123-9
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
.../fao-who-codexalimentarius/sh-proxy/en/?lnk=1&url=https%253A%252F%252Fworkspace.fao.org%252Fsites%252Fcodex%252FStandards%252FCXS%2B72–1981%252FCXS_072e.pdf. 13. FAO. Worldwide regulations for mycotoxins in food and feed 2003. Food and Nutrition Paper, vol. 81. Rome: FAO; 2004. Available...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 63
Published: 17 March 2009
10.1159/000209973
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9010-5
... Abstract Undernutrition continues to be high in many regions of the developing world. Birthweight, a common proxy measure of intrauterine growth, is influenced by nutritional, environmental and lifestyle factors during pregnancy and, in turn, affects immediate survival and function...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 36
Published: 16 June 2008
10.1159/000137677
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8523-1
... onset of their ‘dental senescence’, a proxy for the onset of decline in the ability to obtain nutrition.Estimated maximum longevity was 32 years for female sifakas. Based on the loss of dental functionalmorphology, and changes in tooth wear patterns and in chewing efficiency, dental senescence...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 21
Published: 11 December 2017
10.1159/000481329
EISBN: 978-3-318-06123-9
... and from confounders. Another worked example from pediatric epidemiology includes a recent publication on vaccination and child hospitalizations [ 9 ]. Apart from time-dependency, pediatric epidemiology often has to deal with proxy-reports. As laid out in another chapter of this book [ 10 ], a proxy...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 118
Published: 24 April 2018
EISBN: 978-3-318-06253-3
... of foods are counted. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2015;112:E5656. 25. Verger EO, Dop MC, Martin-Prével Y: Not all dietary diversity scores can legitimately be interpreted as proxies of diet quality. Public Health Nutr 2017;20:2067-2068. 26. Sraboni E, Malapit HJ, Quisumbing AR, Ahmed UA: Women's...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 185
Published: 26 May 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05465-1
... of hemodiafiltration. Blood Purif 2013;35(suppl 1):64-68. 3. Hoshino J, Yamagata K, Nishi S, Nakai S, Masakane I, Iseki K, Tsubakihara Y: Carpal tunnel surgery as proxy for dialysis-related amyloidosis: results from the Japanese society for dialysis therapy. Am J Nephrol 2014;39:449-458. 4. Masakane I, Esashi...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... November 2019. Available from: http://www.fao.org/fao-who-codexalimentarius/sh-proxy/en/?lnk=1&url=https%253A%252F%252Fworkspace.fao.org%252Fsites%252Fcodex%252FMeetings%252FCX-720-41%252FReport%252FAdoption%252FREP20_NFSDUe.pdf. 7. Codex Alimentarius. International food standards. FAO/WHO...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 87
Published: 24 March 2017
10.1159/000448939
EISBN: 978-3-318-05956-4
... to improve IYCF as a key outcome of its own and eager to document progress. Understanding the Associations between Complementary Feeding Practices and Child Anthropometry Child DD scores have been developed and used as a proxy for dietary quality to look at associations with child anthropometric...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 21
Published: 11 December 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06123-9
.... Stat Med 2013;32:1584-1618. 9. Jensen AK, Ravn H, Sørup S, Andersen P: A marginal structural model for recurrent events in the presence of time-dependent confounding: non-specific effects of vaccines on child hospitalisations. Stat Med 2016;35:5051-5069. 10. Genuneit J: How to deal with proxy...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
..., Lazarus JM, Chertow GM: Vector length as a proxy for the adequacy of ultrafiltration in hemodialysis. Kidney Int 2004;66:1266-1271 15. Ronco C: Wearable artificial kidney: dream or reality?. Nat Clin Pract Nephrol 2008;4:604-605 16. Gura V, Ronco C, Nalesso F, Brendolan A, Beizai M, Ezon C...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 30
Published: 08 March 2022
10.1159/000520785
EISBN: 978-3-318-06913-6
... ], showing variation of hardness of dental enamel, which is a proxy for how mineralized the enamel is. Most individuals ( x axis) have similar values of enamel microhardness, with several showing lower values and one person much harder enamel. Another approach to measure enamel losses ex vivo...