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probiotic

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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 28
Published: 07 January 2020
10.1159/000455377
EISBN: 978-3-318-06517-6
... Abstract The World Health Organization has defined probiotics as “Live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit to the host.” Traditionally, probiotic microorganisms (mainly Lactobacillus ssp. and Bifidobacterium ssp.) have been used to prevent...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 81
Published: 19 June 2015
10.1159/000365905
EISBN: 978-3-318-02769-3
... Abstract Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials indicate that probiotic supplementation significantly reduces the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) without adverse effects in preterm very-low-birthweight neonates. A change in practice in favor of probiotic supplementation...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000345751
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... Abstract Probiotics are increasingly used in order to help prevent or treat a growing number of conditions, especially gastrointestinal tract disorders. Indeed, a large number of clinical trials, many properly randomized and controlled, have shown significant efficacy in a number...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-02325-1
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 59
Published: 17 October 2012
10.1159/000342169
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9993-1
... and the activities of the gut-associated lymphoid tissue. Probiotic supplements are an upcoming group of nutraceuticals that could offer positive effects on athlete’s gut and entire health. Some results demonstrate promising benefits for probiotic use on the athlete’s immune system. There is also evidence...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000345744
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... Abstract Probiotics are defined as live microorganisms which, when provided in sufficient amounts, have a beneficial effect on human health. In the last two decades, worldwide interest in the use of functional foods containing probiotic bacteria for disease prevention and health promotion has...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000345741
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... is different in quality and quantity from that of healthy controls. These findings prompted the concept that specific beneficial bacteria from the human intestinal microflora, designated probiotics, which may restore the intestinal ecosystem could be considered as a potential alternative strategy...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000345743
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... Abstract Probiotics are an established therapeutic or preventive intervention for gastrointestinal diseases and their efficacy is supported by several mechanisms, including the modulation of the immune response. However, there is evidence that the administration of probiotics may also...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 79
Published: 10 September 2014
10.1159/000360713
EISBN: 978-3-318-02670-2
... be impactful on the course of IBD. Herein is a review of the controlled trials undertaken to assess the use of antibiotics that would kill or suppress potentially injurious microbes, probiotics that would overpopulate the gut with potentially beneficial microbes or prebiotics that provide a metabolic substrate...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 77
Published: 30 September 2013
10.1159/000351388
EISBN: 978-3-318-02447-0
... considerable perspectives for the use of nutritional interventions, intended to modulate immune functionality in a desired direction. Probiotics are discussed here as a possible way to achieve this goal. It seems that effects are not only strain specific, but will depend on many environmental factors that make...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 110
Published: 15 April 2014
10.1159/000358465
EISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2
... controversy exists concerning the routine use of probiotics in the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis. This chapter will provide a brief overview of the developing intestinal microbiome and discuss the use of pro- and prebiotics in preterm infants. Emerging non-culture-based technologies derived...
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 61
Published: 27 April 2009
10.1159/000212744
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9098-3
... the development of allergic diseases. Various strains of probiotics such as Bifidobacterium , Lactobacillus , and Lactococcus have been assessed for their ability to suppress the occurrence of atopic dermatitis (AD) in animal models and human studies. Although the effect of probiotics on allergic responses...
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 60
Published: 17 August 2007
10.1159/000107196
EISBN: 978-3-318-01499-0
... bacteria in a product; industry must also provide proof of efficacy for each strain. Inthe early 1990s, Fonterra embarked on a programme to develop proprietary probiotic strains,and as a result, commercialised two strains, Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 and Lactobacillusrhamnosus HN001. Over the past decade...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 107
Published: 29 April 2013
10.1159/000345736
EISBN: 978-3-318-02325-1
... as the concept of using living bacteria (probiotics) to treat IBD, are reviewed and discussed in detail in the present review. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are characterized by chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract of unknown origin. While inflammation in ulcerative colitis (UC) is restricted...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 64
Published: 25 August 2009
10.1159/000235793
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9168-3
... Abstract The intestinal microbiota plays an important role in immune development and may play a role in the development of allergic disorders. Manipulation of the intestinal microbiota may therefore offer an approach to the prevention or treatment of allergic diseases. Probiotics and prebiotics...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 62
Published: 12 August 2008
10.1159/000146350
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8554-5
... take place by probioticbacteria when breastfeeding is not possible. Thus, incorporating specificprobiotics selected for the development of the infant’s gut microbiota may form a beneficialpossibility for future infant feeding purposes. Many current probiotics havedocumented strain-specific health...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 77
Published: 30 September 2013
10.1159/000351392
EISBN: 978-3-318-02447-0
... Abstract A number of metagenomic analyses providing knowledge of the human microbiome have yielded data on the differences between healthy and diseased individuals. Microbiota manipulation, such as through the administration of probiotics, may potentially contribute to improved health outcomes...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 108
Published: 12 September 2013
10.1159/000351483
EISBN: 978-3-318-02457-9
... the clinical evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and their meta-analyses of the effectiveness of probiotics, prebiotics, and dietary fiber in the treatment of FGD in the pediatric population. While it is too soon to recommend the routine use of any probiotics for treating FGD, some...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 68
Published: 06 October 2011
10.1159/000325665
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9746-3
... Abstract The concept of manipulating the gut microbiota through the administration of probiotics during early life in order to reduce the risk of and prevent or treat diseases, including those that manifest in later life, is appealing. However, a cautious approach is needed, and the long-term...