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Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 3
Published: 25 September 1969
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-04106-4
EISBN: 978-3-318-04106-4
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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 196
Published: 09 August 2018
10.1159/000485715
EISBN: 978-3-318-06298-4
... Abstract In the general population, hypertension (HT) is defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mm Hg. In dialysis patients, the definition is thought to be the same as in the general population. But there is no clear description about...
Book Chapter
Book: Glaucoma
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 8
Published: 30 September 2016
10.1159/000446142
EISBN: 978-3-318-05891-8
... Abstract The etiology of glaucoma is multifactorial. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only modifiable factor in glaucoma management proven to alter the natural course of the disease. Currently, based on evidence-based glaucoma therapy, the only approach proven to be efficient in preserving...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 37
Published: 17 November 2015
10.1159/000437112
EISBN: 978-3-318-05597-9
... Abstract Although blood pressure (BP) levels may rise in the weeks preceding intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), in contrast to findings in the ischaemic stroke population, the initial post-ICH BP is often much higher than the last pre-morbid level. Elevated BP is therefore common in acute ICH...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 172
Published: 01 September 2011
10.1159/000328164
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9795-1
.... However, given the broad localization of the two receptors (ET A and ET B ) and the diverse effects resulting from their activation, analysis of the role of ET-1 in kidney-regulated blood pressure remains complicated. Moreover, the actions of ET-1 depend upon the cell type and physiological situation...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 44
Published: 03 November 2006
10.1159/000096724
EISBN: 978-3-318-01395-5
... Abstract It is generally accepted that the increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality inhypertension are related to target organ damage. Classically, the target organs are heart,brain, and kidneys. This brief report examines whether high arterial pressure may alsoaffect other organs...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 44
Published: 03 November 2006
10.1159/000096726
EISBN: 978-3-318-01395-5
... Abstract Central pulse pressure is more likely to reflect the haemodynamic conditions towhich the heart and coronary arteries are subjected than is peripheral pulse. We reviewedthe data currently available on the correlations between central pulse pressure and boththe presence and extent...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 44
Published: 03 November 2006
10.1159/000096727
EISBN: 978-3-318-01395-5
... Abstract Brachial pulse pressure (PP) is an established risk marker for cardiovascular disease.PP is largely determined by the stroke volume in young subjects, although the progressiveamplification of pulse wave from central to peripheral arteries could make brachial PPnot representative...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 44
Published: 03 November 2006
10.1159/000096732
EISBN: 978-3-318-01395-5
... Abstract Blood pressure is a complex phenomenon that can be divided into two components:a steady and a pulsatile component. The pulsatile component is estimated by the pulsepressure which is mainly influenced by the large artery stiffness. The purpose of this reviewwas to describe the relation...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 44
Published: 03 November 2006
10.1159/000096733
EISBN: 978-3-318-01395-5
... Abstract Recent studies have reported positive associations between pulse pressure (PP) andmarkers of inflammation. These studies are intriguing because they suggest that elevationsin PP could induce an inflammatory state and thereby increase the risk of inflammation-related diseases...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 35
Published: 10 May 2006
10.1159/000093156
EISBN: 978-3-318-01299-6
... Abstract Continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP) representsthe standard treatment for obstructive sleep apneasyndrome (OSAS).With the aim of achieving optimal adaptationof the treatment pressure to the actual requirement ofthe patients and improving compliance, auto-adjusting CPAP...
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