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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 42
Published: 06 December 2017
10.1159/000475687
EISBN: 978-3-318-06089-8
... Abstract Beliefs involving the devil and possession figured in the nosography of mental illness that alienists gradually established during the 19th century. The description of this form of cenesthetic hallucination resulted in “the possessed” being viewed as patients, which protected them from...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 15
Published: 17 June 2008
10.1159/000135680
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8549-1
... Abstract Phagocytosis in unicellular animals represents the most ancient and ubiquitous form of defense against foreignmaterial. Unicellular invertebrates can phagocytose for food and defense. Multicellular invertebratesand vertebrates possess phagocytic cells and have evolved more complex...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489513
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... Abstract Each biological system possesses a widely unrecognized buffer system to maintain acid-base balance to a specific pH. Our lives are dependent on the functioning of buffer systems. A buffer system is a solution that resists a change in pH when acids or bases are added. The skin possesses...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 159
Published: 21 April 2008
10.1159/000125587
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8506-4
... interference (RNAi), one type of posttranscriptional gene silencing, as anovel gene therapeutic possibility and describe the mechanism and kinetics of action. Wehighlight the correlation between structure and efficacy of small interfering and short hairpinRNAs that are the most often used small RNAs possessing...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 30
Published: 19 October 2015
10.1159/000434747
EISBN: 978-3-318-05584-9
... to the level of the general population. Various studies suggest that other ‘mood stabilizers' do not possess this property, at least not to the same extent. Some authors based on their studies have concluded that this lithium effect might be specific, i.e. independent of lithium's episode-preventing activity...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 112
Published: 26 November 2014
10.1159/000365667
EISBN: 978-3-318-02753-2
... might impact cell and organ function in an ICU setting. All currently available LEs for parenteral use are effective in providing energy and possess a good safety profile. Nevertheless, soybean oil-based LEs have been associated with an elevated risk of adverse outcomes, possibly due to their high...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 42
Published: 06 December 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06089-8
... psychiatrie à la faveur des procès de sorcellerie et de possession diabolique. Bulletin de psychiatrie 1999;7. http://www.bulletindepsychiatrie.com/wier.htm. 4. Rabelais F: Le Quart livre des faicts et dicts héroïques du bon Pantagruel. Paris, imp. M. Fezandat, 1552. 5. Closson M: L'imaginaire...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Tumor Research
Volume: 41
Published: 19 February 2014
10.1159/000355895
EISBN: 978-3-318-02542-2
... mutations and identifying and validating drug targets remain challenging. Protein tyrosine kinases play crucial roles in virtually all cellular processes and possess structural features that render them ‘druggable'. Monoclonal antibodies and small-molecule inhibitors represent two major classes of targeted...
Book Chapter
Published: 01 February 2011
10.1159/000321956
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9665-7
... and proved to possess the highest radical scavenging effect observed. In the active oxygen scavenging experiment, although α-tocopherol, with its ability to inhibit oxidation of unsaturated fatty acid in phosphatide forming the plasma membrane, maintain biomembranes and scavenge free radicals, is a most...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 55
Published: 29 November 2021
10.1159/000517634
EISBN: 978-3-318-06608-1
.... Neither zinc oxide nor titanium dioxide possesses relevant skin-irritating properties or sensitization potential [Lau­tenschlager et al. Lancet. 2007;370(9586):528–37]. Adverse reactions to UV filters currently approved in the European Union as listed in the Annex VI (updated November 7, 2019...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510203
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... with a decline of caries. Another approach in preventing caries might be the increase of pH in dental plaque. During recent years, arginine has increasingly become the focus of interest. This is based on the fact that certain streptococci possess an arginine deiminase system (ADS) which metabolizes free arginine...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 90
Published: 13 March 2019
10.1159/000490320
EISBN: 978-3-318-06341-7
..., complex sugar polymers - oligosaccharides - possess unique properties in guiding the growth of intestinal bacteria that are not possible by feeding their simple sugars. The proteins of milk are diverse with some exhibiting enzymatic activities towards other milk components rendering those components both...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Neurological Surgery
Volume: 32
Published: 23 July 2018
10.1159/000469690
EISBN: 978-3-318-06063-8
..., and/or cell death. It is realized through alteration of the cytokinetic cleavage furrow by interference of proteins possessing large dipole moments, like septin heterotrimer complex and α/β-tubulin, and that results in disordered membrane contraction and failed cytokinesis. Aberrant mitotic exit also elicits...
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 61
Published: 27 April 2009
10.1159/000212739
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9098-3
... Abstract Flavonoids, the most abundant polyphenolic compounds in foods, can be classified into flavanols, flavones, flavonols, flavanones, isoflavones and anthocyanidins. They have been demonstrated to possess strong antioxidant and disease-preventing properties especially for various...
Book Chapter
Published: 31 July 2006
10.1159/000095078
EISBN: 978-3-318-01338-2
... Abstract Over the past decades a number of structurally diverse small compounds of plant originhave been identified to possess activity to inhibit lung tumorigenesis caused by tobacco carcinogens.The two families of compounds most extensively investigated are cruciferousisothiocyanates and tea...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 32
Published: 21 August 2017
10.1159/000475729
EISBN: 978-3-318-05974-8
... population. Interestingly, they develop from the same crypt stem cell as the other absorptive or secretory cells of the gut. EECs differentiate along the crypt villus axis and are renewed every 4-6 days, and hence possess a high plasticity. They constitute the largest endocrine system in the human body...
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 42
Published: 04 May 2006
10.1159/000092560
EISBN: 978-3-318-01317-7
... Abstract Cardiac gap junction channels are crucial for conduction of the electric impulse.Between cardiomyocytes there exist gap junctions constructed from connexin40 (Cx40),Cx43 and Cx45. A fourth isoform, Cx37, is expressed in the endothelial lining. Each of thesechannel types possesses...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 58
Published: 24 April 2017
10.1159/000455265
EISBN: 978-3-318-06033-1
... Abstract Macular edema is the swelling of the central portion of the human retina and it is associated with increased retinal thickness. It can be simply defined as an excess of fluid within the retinal tissue. It must be realized that the normal retina possesses a functional extracellular...
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 61
Published: 27 April 2009
10.1159/000212750
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9098-3
... as well as in experimental animals revealed that these pungent phenolics possess anticarcinogenic properties. This chapter summarizes updated information on chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic effects of ginger-derived phenolic substances and their underlying mechanisms. ...