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polyphenol

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Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 61
Published: 27 April 2009
10.1159/000212748
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9098-3
... Abstract For the past two decades, many researchers have been investigating the potential cancer-preventive and therapeutic effects of green tea. (–)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) has been shown to be the most active and major polyphenolic compound from green tea. The mechanisms of action...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 101
Published: 03 May 2010
10.1159/000314513
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9428-8
... The therapeutic benefits of fruits, vegetables, tea and wine are mostly attributed to the presence of phenolic compounds. Naturally occurring dietary polyphenols, such as curcumin (diferuloylmethane, an active component of spice turmeric) and resveratrol (phytoalexin, a flavanoid found in red...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 4
Published: 30 April 2015
10.1159/000375423
EISBN: 978-3-318-05445-3
... Abstract Polyphenols are known for their specific anti-cancer prevention and therapy actions. Polyphenols are contained in mistletoe extracts at rather fairly high concentrations, and each mistletoe preparation has a specific flavonoid profile. The question arises whether polyphenols may...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 5
Published: 09 February 2021
10.1159/000491844
EISBN: 978-3-318-06690-6
... include vitamin C, vitamin E, polyphenols, and flavonoids. Most are harvested and extracted from botanicals (e.g., green tea, red grapes, dark red berries, milk thistle, etc.) for use in both oral and topical preparations. Combinations of multiple AOX are most common in cosmeceuticals, as several AOX have...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 5
Published: 09 February 2021
10.1159/000491856
EISBN: 978-3-318-06690-6
..., and decrease fine lines and wrinkles [ 15 - 19 ]. Polyphenols Polyphenols are phytochemicals, naturally occurring micronutrients in plants. Several thousand types of polyphenols have been identified. Foods contain mixtures of polyphenols that have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiglycation, and UV...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 121
Published: 01 December 2020
10.1159/000507491
EISBN: 978-3-318-06698-2
...-Saharan Africa are still not fed a minimum acceptable diet as defined by WHO. Benefits from phytochemicals, like polyphenols and vitamins, are increasingly better understood, as are food effects on the human gut microbiota. Recent research underlines the importance of behavioral change based...
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 59
Published: 31 July 2006
10.1159/000095209
EISBN: 978-3-318-01352-8
... of antioxidant vitamins,such as α-tocopherol and ascorbic acid, on brain health has been of interest. Recently,the focus moved to assessing the potential of unsaturated fatty acids and secondary plantmetabolites, particularly of polyphenols, to act as neuroprotectants. Considerable experimentalevidence suggests...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 5
Published: 09 February 2021
EISBN: 978-3-318-06690-6
... polyphenols and quercetin in Sencar mice. Cancer Lett 1988;42:7–12. 27. Wang ZY, et al: Protection against polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-induced skin tumor initiation in mice by green tea polyphenols. Carcinogenesis 1989;10:411–415. 28. Elmets CA, et al: Cutaneous photoprotection from ultraviolet...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 101
Published: 03 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9428-8
... biosynthesis and inhibits NF-kappaB activation and interleukin-8 release in alveolar epithelial cells: mechanism of free radical scavenging activity. Antioxid Redox Signal 2005;7:32-41 3. Rahman I, Biswas SK, Kirkham PA: Regulation of inflammation and redox signaling by dietary polyphenols. Biochem...
Book Chapter
Published: 31 July 2006
10.1159/000095078
EISBN: 978-3-318-01338-2
... polyphenols. This chapter presents a salient account of these studieson tumor bioassays and their mechanisms on the roles of these compounds in the preventionof lung cancer with considerations of epidemiological evidence. ...
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 61
Published: 27 April 2009
10.1159/000212739
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9098-3
... Abstract Flavonoids, the most abundant polyphenolic compounds in foods, can be classified into flavanols, flavones, flavonols, flavanones, isoflavones and anthocyanidins. They have been demonstrated to possess strong antioxidant and disease-preventing properties especially for various...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 5
Published: 09 February 2021
EISBN: 978-3-318-06690-6
... activity (in Italian). Minerva Ginecol 2010;62:195–201. 23. Heinrich U, Moore CE, De Spirt S, Tronnier H, Stahl W: Green tea polyphenols provide photoprotection, increase microcirculation, and modulate skin properties of women. J Nutr 2011;141:1202–1208. 24. Nichols JA, Katiyar SK: Skin...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 102
Published: 08 August 2011
10.1159/000327799
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9780-7
... thoroughly studied the traditional Okinawan diet, this dietary pattern is mainly characterized by caloric restriction, high carbohydrate intake, low fat and protein intake, high phytonutrient (in particular polyphenols) intake, and a rather low sodium intake as compared with the Japanese diet [ 1 - 3...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 4
Published: 30 April 2015
EISBN: 978-3-318-05445-3
..., Tharakan ST, Lai OS, Sung B, Aggarwal BB: Cancer is a preventable disease that requires major lifestyle changes. Pharm Res 2008;25:2097-2116. 19. Babich H, Selevan AR, Ravkin ER: Glutathione as a mediator of the in vitro cytotoxicity of a green tea polyphenol extract. Toxicol Mech Methods 2007;17:357...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 75
Published: 15 August 2013
10.1159/000345822
EISBN: 978-3-318-02333-6
... polyphenol (e.g. quercetin)-containing supplements or foodstuffs (e.g. non-alcoholic beer) currently offer the best chance of success. This approach is likely to be most effective for individuals who are particularly prone to illness. Introduction Athletes who engage in intense training or who have...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 25
Published: 24 June 2014
10.1159/000360376
EISBN: 978-3-318-02553-8
... (e.g. polyphenolic agents) might be a promising erosion-preventive approach that, however, needs validation by in situ experiments. Dental erosion is described as the loss of dental hard substance due to the chemical action of extrinsic or intrinsic acids without bacterial involvement...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 4
Published: 30 April 2015
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-05445-3
EISBN: 978-3-318-05445-3
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 76
Published: 05 August 2013
10.1159/000350254
EISBN: 978-3-318-02409-8
... of micronutrients (particularly iron, zinc, and vitamins A, D, E, B 6 and B 12 ), ingesting carbohydrate during prolonged training sessions, and consuming - on a daily basis - plant polyphenol containing supplements or foodstuffs and Lactobacillus probiotics. Introduction A person's level of physical...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 161
Published: 30 May 2008
10.1159/000129759
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8567-5
... hand, dietary factors may interferedirectly or indirectly with inflammatory activity. For example, dietary AGEs intake mayaggravate inflammation while natural antioxidants, such as polyphenolic flavones or vitaminC from fruits and vegetables may even decrease inflammatory activity. Although...
Book Chapter
Series: Forum of Nutrition
Volume: 61
Published: 27 April 2009
10.1159/000212733
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9098-3
... foods elicittheir effects in the body. These include soy protein isolate, cocoa polyphenol, sesamin as a lignan of sesame origin, and many others. On the other hand, food safety has been gaining public attention, and we applied genomics for assessment of the wholesomeness of newly developed...