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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494948
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... Abstract In a series of papers which appeared in 1906, Pierre Marie advanced a new concept of aphasiology against the classical view based on functional localization of cerebral cortex. He denied the role of Broca’s area in language function and proposed as the center for articulation “zone...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 43
Published: 16 October 2018
10.1159/000490442
EISBN: 978-3-318-06394-3
... is recognized thanks to Pierre Janet's account (1859-1947) of his case in De l'Angoisse à l'Extase . Janet's accompanying psychotherapy, which supported him for many years, was effective in moving him towards a form of obsessive consolidation. Janet's therapeutic approach, however, is currently strongly...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360056
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Abstract Paul Sollier (1861-1933) and Pierre Janet (1859-1947) shared the same fate: achieving fame during their lives, then slipping into obscurity. However, their work is highly relevant for describing and explaining hysteria in the tradition of Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893). Both men had...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321781
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... an alienist. Therefore, the works of his illustrious disciples Sigmund Freud and Pierre Janet, which wielded such a long-term influence on mental medicine, emerged from a different context than that of the specialty founded by Philippe Pinel. Moreover, the ‘Napoleon of neurosis’, Monsieur Charcot of La...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321784
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Abstract Pierre Marie was one of Charcot’s favorite pupils, and had hoped to succeed his great mentor at the Hospice de La Salpêtrière as professor of diseases of the nervous system. Charcot’s friend and collaborator Alfred Vulpian was a senior physician at the Hôpital Bicêtre, a somewhat less...
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Published: 07 August 2008
10.1159/000155523
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8632-0
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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494951
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... of the left angular gyrus from visual input required for reading. During the early 20th century, his work and that of other so-called diagram makers was confronted and largely discredited by Pierre Marie, joined later by Henry Head and Kurt Goldstein. In the 1960s, the center–pathway model was resurrected...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494964
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
...), Arthur L. Benton (1909–2006), Julian de Ajuriaguerra (1911–1993), Ennio De Renzi (1924–2016), Norman Geschwind (1926–1984), Kurt Goldstein (1878–1965), Henry Head (1861–1940), Henry Hécaen (1912–1983), Pierre Janet (1859–1947), François Lhermitte (1921–1998), Jean Lhermitte (1877–1959), Hugo Karl...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000359991
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... Salpêtrière, these chronic patients were largely left to themselves before Désiré Bourneville, one of Charcot's first students, convinced his chief to care for them. Subsequently, the studies of Charcot with Paul Richer, Joseph Babinski, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Sollier, Pierre Janet, and many...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360244
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
... in men, influence of subconscious ideas, role of traumas, and psychological and sexual factors) were indeed ‘borrowed' from Charcot and his immediate followers, such as Pierre Janet and Paul Richer. Subsequently, Freud developed with Breuer a theory of hysteria which encompassed a mixture of Janet's...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 35
Published: 23 June 2014
10.1159/000360242
EISBN: 978-3-318-02647-4
..., hypnosis, and suggestion). At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, and persuasion were established respectively by Pierre Janet, Sigmund Freud, and Joseph Babinski. During World War I, military forces faced a large number of posttrauma neurosis cases among soldiers (named...