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phosphate

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Book Chapter
... Abstract A patient with combined deficiency of erythrocyte glucose phosphate. isomerase (GPI) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is presented. The propositus has persistent unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. One of his two brothers exhibits the same rare enzymatic defect, but without...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 196
Published: 09 August 2018
10.1159/000485696
EISBN: 978-3-318-06298-4
... Abstract Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a regulator of phosphate and vitamin D homeostasis that carries out primary bone- and mineral-related physiological functions to increase renal phosphate excretion and reduce 1α-hydroxylation of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. In a negative endocrine...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 190
Published: 29 May 2017
10.1159/000468915
EISBN: 978-3-318-06061-4
... Abstract A direct and independent association between serum phosphate (P) levels and mortality has been reported. High circulating P concentrations, still within the normal range, was associated with unfavourable outcomes in normal subjects as well as in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 28
Published: 11 June 2015
10.1159/000380990
EISBN: 978-3-318-05467-5
... Abstract The physiology of calcium and the other minerals involved in its metabolism is complex and intimately linked to the physiology of bone. Five principal humoral factors are involved in maintaining plasma concentrations of calcium, magnesium and phosphate and in coordinating the balance...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 28
Published: 11 June 2015
10.1159/000381036
EISBN: 978-3-318-05467-5
... Abstract Phosphate metabolism is critical to multiple systems and cellular functions. Disruption of any point in the pathways of phosphate metabolism may cause serum phosphate abnormalities and resultant acute or chronic clinical conditions. The study of phosphate disorders has revealed...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 1
Published: 28 February 2014
10.1159/000355049
EISBN: 978-3-318-02313-8
... Abstract The potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) laser emits green light that is avidly absorbed by both melanin and oxyhemoglobin. Although the pulsed dye laser was the original laser utilizing selective photothermolysis to target vascular lesions in the skin, the KTP laser has itself proven...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 180
Published: 02 May 2013
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-02370-1
EISBN: 978-3-318-02370-1
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 178
Published: 30 May 2012
10.1159/000337831
EISBN: 978-3-318-02163-9
... and mortality. In patients with CKD stage 5 on dialysis, therapeutic approaches to reduce serum P levels should include restriction of dietary phosphate intake, optimal dialysis treatment, and use of P binders. In this context, the use of P binders appears to be an essential treatment to control P overload...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 16
Published: 17 June 2009
10.1159/000223685
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9162-1
... Abstract The physiology of calcium and the other minerals involved in its metabolism is complex and intimately tied in with the physiology of bone. Five principal humoral factors are involved in maintaining plasma levels of calcium, magnesium and phosphate and coordinating the balance between...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 16
Published: 17 June 2009
10.1159/000223693
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9162-1
... Abstract Phosphate is absorbed from the diet in the gut, stored as hydroxyapatite in the skeleton, and excreted with the urine. The balance between these compartments determines the circulating phosphate concentration. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) has recently been discovered and is part...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 163
Published: 15 June 2009
10.1159/000223799
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9203-1
... peritoneal dialysis (CPD) have phosphate levels above 5.5 mg%. The present study was designed to examine the relative contribution of ultrafiltration to phosphate removal in CPD patients. 24-hour dialysate collections were obtained in 28 CPD patients and the diffuse and ultrafiltration (UF) contributions...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 161
Published: 30 May 2008
10.1159/000130696
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8567-5
... Abstract Abnormalities of bone mineral parameters (calcium, phosphate, vitamin D, and parathyroidhormone) are nearly omnipresent in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD).These typically consist of hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, abnormalities of vitamin D metabolism,and secondary...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 155
Published: 20 March 2007
10.1159/000101004
EISBN: 978-3-318-01419-8
... the progression of renal failure. Dietary phosphorus restriction must be prescribed atall stages of renal failure in adults. It may be achieved by decreasing protein intake and avoidingfoods rich in phosphorus. An average of 60-80% of the phosphorus intake is absorbed inthe gut in dialysis patients. If phosphate...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 150
Published: 12 May 2006
10.1159/000093597
EISBN: 978-3-318-01347-4
... of inorganic phosphate on direct induction ofextraskeletal mineralization of the tunica media in the vasculature of these patients. In peritonealdialysis patients, many unbalances of calcium and phosphate metabolism are present.In particular, recent cohort studies indicate that most patients do not reach...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 18
Published: 22 October 2001
10.1159/000061647
EISBN: 978-3-318-00704-6
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 18
Published: 22 October 2001
10.1159/000061649
EISBN: 978-3-318-00704-6