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Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510188
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract The systemic administration of antibiotics in conjunction with mechanical biofilm disruption results in reduced numbers of subgingival periodontal pathogens and improved clinical outcomes. Penicillins, tetracyclines, macrolides, quinolones, and nitroimidazoles were used in laboratory...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510189
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... Abstract During the last decade, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been extensively investigated for the treatment of periodontal and peri-implant infections. Nonetheless, contradicting clinical and microbiological outcomes and only results on a short-term basis have been reported so far, thus...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 28
Published: 07 January 2020
10.1159/000455380
EISBN: 978-3-318-06517-6
... Abstract Due to the increasing focus on host inflammatory processes with regard to the aetiology of periodontal disease, diet has become an important factor in host modulation. Recent investigations showed that the industrialized western diet, which is characterized by highly processed foods...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 18
Published: 01 December 2015
10.1159/000351894
EISBN: 978-3-318-05480-4
... Abstract The periodontal ligament (PDL) and alveolar bone are two critical tissues for understanding orthodontic tooth movement. The current literature is replete with descriptive studies of multiple cell types and their matrices in the PDL and alveolar bone, but is deficient with how stem...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 17
Published: 30 July 2015
10.1159/000381699
EISBN: 978-3-318-02461-6
... Abstract Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting nearly 50% of adults in the United States. If left untreated, it can lead to the destruction of both soft and mineralized tissues that constitute the periodontium. Clinical management, including but not limited to flap...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329670
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... may result in chronic inflammation, which may lead to tissue destruction, as evident in chronic periodontitis. Although many organisms are present in the subgingival biofilm, interestingly, the putative pathogens associated with gingivitis and periodontitis may comprise very small fractions...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329672
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... the innate and adaptive arms of the immune response, and help promote inflammatory resolution and tissue healing. Found extensively within the gingival crevice and epithelium, neutrophils are considered the key protective cell type in the periodontal tissues. Histopathology of periodontal lesions indicates...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329673
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... Abstract The development of oral biofilms and the host response to biofilm bacteria and their toxins are important factors in the development of periodontal disease. An early component of the host response is the secretion of antimicrobial proteins and peptides (AMPs) by salivary glands, oral...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329676
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... Abstract Antibiotics are generally an efficient means of treating bacterial infections, and therefore are an obvious candidate in the treatment of periodontal diseases. Systemically and locally administered antimicrobial agents of all kinds have been evaluated in multiple clinical trials...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329677
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... Abstract Traditional treatment for loss of bone and attachment due to periodontal disease has focused around repairing the damage induced. However, over the past few decades, clinicians have begun to utilize regenerative techniques to rebuild bone, cementum and the periodontal ligament...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/000329678
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
... Abstract It is becoming clear that variations in inflammatory response are a major determinant in susceptibility to periodontitis. However, our understanding of the relationship of the causal agents in periodontitis to the pathogenesis is not as clear as we once thought, and thus therapies...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Oral Biology
Volume: 15
Published: 02 November 2011
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9834-7
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9834-7
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume: 72
Published: 10 August 2011
10.1159/000324605
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9723-4
... ± 2.5 years), apical periodontitis, rhinosinusitis, and otitis media were identified in 21 (53%, 4.9 ± 2.8 affected teeth), 19 (48%), and 4 (10%) of them, whereas in 11 IgAN children (10.4 ± 2.5 years), these diseases were observed in 6 (55%, 5.8 ± 4.6 affected teeth), 2 (18%), and 0 (0%) of them...
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