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Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 92
Published: 14 January 2020
10.1159/000501659
EISBN: 978-3-318-06528-2
... improve pregnancy outcomes but dietary habits are influenced by practices prior to conception. Observational studies support the importance of nutrition during the peri-conceptional period for improving birth outcomes, but evidence from intervention studies is limited. NEC, however, has been incorporated...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 33
Published: 28 June 2018
10.1159/000487531
EISBN: 978-3-318-06143-7
... prenatal cytogenetic exploration [ 1 , 9 ]. Furthermore, a KS child is mostly clinically normal at birth and during the infantile period [ 10 ]. However, genital anomalies may be a reason for referral such as a micropenis [ 11 ] or maldescended testis [ 11 , 12 ]. A very few of XXY subjects are diagnosed...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 88
Published: 30 May 2017
10.1159/000455215
EISBN: 978-3-318-06031-7
... As for short-term outcomes, there are little data to support that C-section versus vaginal delivery results in increased complications such as necrotizing enterocolitis or infections in the immediate neonatal period. C-sections are clearly associated with increased transient tachypnea of the newborn [ 15...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 38
Published: 04 April 2016
10.1159/000442567
EISBN: 978-3-318-05606-8
... producing severe shock waves and cavitation in the brain. In addition, the heads of soldiers had relatively greater exposure than other body areas above the parapets in European trench warfare of that period, and the British Brodie helmet and nearly identical U.S. Marine Corps Doughboy helmet gave...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 112
Published: 26 November 2014
10.1159/000365427
EISBN: 978-3-318-02753-2
... Abstract Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) influence a variety of cellular and physiological processes during the perinatal period by serving as membrane components, precursors of eicosanoids and docosanoids, and nuclear receptor activators. These processes include the growth...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 77
Published: 30 September 2013
10.1159/000351397
EISBN: 978-3-318-02447-0
... variability in DHA transfer from mother to fetus. Given that DHA supplementation is provided to women during pregnancy in clinical trials with the intent of increasing DHA transfer to the fetus during a period of rapid brain development, it is obvious that factors that influence variability of transfer could...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 77
Published: 30 September 2013
10.1159/000351398
EISBN: 978-3-318-02447-0
..., supplementation studies confined exclusively to the postnatal period have demonstrated mixed results with one trial showing no effect and the other suggesting a transient effect on symptoms of respiratory disease. In summary, supplementation with n-3 LC-PUFA during the perinatal period and before allergic...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 74
Published: 18 July 2013
10.1159/000348402
EISBN: 978-3-318-02388-6
...-Saharan Africa, where women lack access to reproductive health services and prenatal care, are chronically undernourished, and generally have multiple closely spaced pregnancies [ 2 ]. Pregnancy is also a period of risk for the child to be born. An estimated 2.9 million newborns die in their first month...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 65
Published: 11 February 2010
10.1159/000281141
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9305-2
... Abstract The current obesity epidemic has affected even the youngest children in our societies, including those in the first months of life. Animal experiments suggest that the early postnatal period may be critical to development of healthful energy homeostasis and thus prevention of obesity...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 60
Published: 02 August 2007
10.1159/000106365
EISBN: 978-3-318-01503-4
... Abstract The complementary feeding period is a critical stage for growth and development.Infants in developing countries and selected individuals in developed countries maybenefit from micronutrient supplementation, but long-term effects are still poorlyexplored. We have some evidence, coming...
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Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 54
Published: 22 June 2004
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-01069-5
EISBN: 978-3-318-01069-5
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